The world's most in-depth and scientific reviews of outdoor gear

The Best Ultralight Tents and Shelters of 2018

Wednesday November 7, 2018
  • Share this article:

Looking to lighten your pack weight for this year's backpacking trips? We've raked through 50 models of sub-two-pound tents and selected the top 16, comparing them head-to-head during long hikes, and high country rambles through the High Sierra, Utah Canyon Country, the Colorado Rockies, and the Himalayas. We put each tent and tarp through a rigorous evaluation, assessing each model via a variety of metrics. Additionally, we've highlighted the tents that shine in a particular metric, so you'll know which tent is best for your kind of adventure, be it trudging long miles through the desert or sunny spring ski tours. Go farther faster and sleep more comfortably with an ultralight tent. If you're looking to upgrade your kit or someone you love is bound for PCT glory next year, read on so you can shop like an expert.


Compare Top Products

Displaying 1 - 5 of 16
≪ Previous | View All | Next ≫
 
Awards Editors' Choice Award Top Pick Award Top Pick Award Top Pick Award Best Buy Award 
Price $600 List$700 List$300 List$715.00 at Backcountry$193.00 at Amazon
Compare at 2 sellers
Overall Score Sort Icon
100
0
81
100
0
80
100
0
74
100
0
73
100
0
71
Star Rating
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Pros Only 21 ounces with included bug protection and flooring, four-sided weather protection, ample space for two, double doorsGreat weather protection, lightweight, adaptableRoomy, easy to setup, fully enclosed, affordableDCF construction is lightweight and waterproof, has the most enclosed interior space of any tent we tested, great for four season usePlenty of room for two people plus gear, adaptable for four season use, very affordable
Cons Expensive, not freestanding, requires trekking poles unless additional poles are purchased, doesn’t include necessary stakesExpensiveA tad heavy to be considered ultralight for one, design not quite as wind stable as double vestibule optionsRequires lashing two poles together for setup, very expensive, no floor or bug protection built inDoes not come with floor or bug protection, single wall means potential condensation problems, needs to be seam sealed
Bottom Line The best combination of weather and bug protection, ample space for two people, and light weight makes it our Editors’ Choice winner.This is one of the best, most liveable ultralight shelters money can buy.The One is the best fully enclosed single person shelter that we have tested.A super high-quality and spacious single wall pyramid made of DCF, with a price tag to match its materials and craftsmanship.A simple, easy to set up, adaptable and comfortable single wall pyramid tent that is very affordable.
Rating Categories Duplex Flex Upgrade StratoSpire Li The One UltaMid 2 Beta Light
Livability (30%)
10
0
9
10
0
10
10
0
9
10
0
8
10
0
7
Weight (25%)
10
0
7
10
0
6
10
0
7
10
0
4
10
0
5
Weather Resistance (25%)
10
0
9
10
0
10
10
0
7
10
0
9
10
0
8
Adaptability (10%)
10
0
7
10
0
4
10
0
5
10
0
8
10
0
8
Ease Of Set Up (10%)
10
0
7
10
0
6
10
0
7
10
0
8
10
0
9
Specs Duplex Flex Upgrade StratoSpire Li The One UltaMid 2 Beta Light
Trail Weight: Fly/tarp, tent/optional bug net, poles 1.76 lb w/ Flex upgrade 1.75 lb (w/o poles) 1.68 lb 2.32 lb (w/o poles) 2.88 lb (w/o poles)
Shelter/ FastFly Weight (tarp and minimum guy lines or fly and poles) 1.06 lb (w/o poles) 1.06 lb 1.32 lb (w/o poles) 1.48 lb (w/o poles) 1.08 lb (w/o poles)
Weight of Components Tent with bathtub floor: 19.7 oz, Flex upgrade: 11oz, Guy lines and clips: 1.2 oz, Stuff sack: .3 oz Tent with bathtub floor: 25.6 oz, Floor and bug net: 11.5 oz, Fly: 14.1 oz Total: 1 lb. 6 oz., Tent: 1 lb. 5.1 oz., Extra tie outs: 0.5 oz., Stuff sack: 0.4 oz., Optional aluminum poles: 5.7 oz. Mid: 1 lb. 7.7 oz. (bug insert with floor = 22 oz, bug insert w/o floor = 13.4 oz.) Total: 1lb. 5.6 oz., Tent: 1lb. 1.3 oz., Stakes: 3.8 oz., Stuff sack: 0.5oz., Bug netting and floor 1 lb 13 oz (sold separately)

Updated November 2018
With winter weather on the way, you'll need a tent that can shed snow and be set up in various terrain. For this season, we've added the popular Black Diamond Mega Light, a huge four-person pyramid style tent, perfect for winter base camping. The Mega Light weighs a scant 2.8 pounds; a bit heavy for an ultralight model, but light when you consider that it's a shelter for four, and can be split up accordingly. Additionally, it's one of the more affordable tents in the lineup. Continuing with the winter weather theme, we've spent a considerable amount of time sleeping in the TarpTents StratoSpire Li, waiting out days of rain and even a fair bit of snow. This tent performed amazingly in wet weather and earns our Top Pick for Weather Resistance. The StratoSpire's design and overall performance are similar to the Zpacks Duplex, which remains our Editors' Choice due to its combination of weight and livability.

Best Overall Ultralight Tent


ZPacks Duplex Flex Upgrade


Editors' Choice Award

$600 List
List Price
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 1 lb 5 oz | Floor dimensions: 45 x 90 in
Built-in bug protection and a durable floor
Optional freestanding upgrade
Waterproof, even without zippered closures
Smaller vestibules than other models
Expensive

In 2016, Zpacks replaced their Hexamid Twin tent with the new Duplex, which remains the best overall ultralight tent that we have tested. The Duplex offers fantastic weather protection on all four sides, with its super wind-stable tarp design and the addition of twin doors and covered vestibules. Unlike most of the similar tents in this review, it has sewn in bug protection and a floor, while still weighing in at a mere 21 ounces. What we loved was how much room there was inside, as there's plenty for two people with packs and then some. The sewn in bug netting keeps you protected from creatures that want to bite you in the night, while also providing plenty of ventilation to prevent condensation buildup on the inside of the single wall. Compared to the often tiny two-person tents that we compared it to, this tent is legitimately large enough for two people to be comfortable, with room to spare!

It's not a freestanding model, so you'll have to use trekking poles to set it up, or purchase a custom set of poles if you prefer not to hike with them. We purchased the Freestanding Flex upgrade that eliminates the need for trekking poles and makes the Duplex more adaptable for an additional $125. That makes this tent even more expensive, as it's already $600. DCF or Dyneema Composite Fiber (formerly Cuben) which this tent is made out of is in our opinion the best tent material your money could buy, but certainly does come at a higher price. Zpacks is a small company which often makes products to order, so you might have to wait a while for it — give yourself ample lead time, particularly during the busy season. That aside, this tent easily one of the lightest for two people, earning it our Editors' Choice award.

Read review: Zpacks Duplex Flex Upgrade

Best Weather Protection


Tarptent StratoSpire Li


Top Pick Award

$700 List
List Price
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 1.58 lbs | Floor dimensions: 86 x 45 inches
Two huge vestibules keep your gear out of the rain
Very stable in high winds
Room for two, luxurious for one
Awesome ventilation
No freestanding option
Expensive

The Tarptent StratoSpire Li is light so you can move fast, but what really distinguishes it from the Zpacks Duplex are its two large vestibules, multiple ventilation points, and its zippers reinforced with storm flaps. If you're stuck waiting out days of bad weather (like our unlucky testers), the StratoSpire is the tent you want to be stuck in, as the two vestibules provide ample space for dry storage and cooking. Being able to boil water for a cup of coffee and stay dry on a cold and rainy morning will be more than worth the extra ounces that come from the waterproof zippers and corner ventilation flaps. This tent is constructed with waterproof Dyneema that doesn't stretch or sag when it gets wet, plus a durable floor and bug net that's easily removable. While the Duplex is the lightest of the pack, there's a lot to love about the StratoSpire.

Like other tents and tarps made from Dyneema, the StratoSpire is expensive. This ultralight palace will set you back around $700; some will find the weather protection at such a light weight, making it worth every penny. This tent requires two trekking poles and eight stakes (ultralight and included) for setting up, limiting where you can set up. If you don't like carrying trekking poles or one a ski or river trip, Tarptent offers a pair of support poles for an additional $32.

Read review: Tarptent StratoSpire Li

Best Freestanding UL Option


NEMO Hornet Elite


Editors' Choice Award

$370.96
(26% off)
at Amazon
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 1 lb 11.4 oz | Floor dimensions: 85 x 51 in
Sets up on more surfaces than tents that require stakes
Light for a tent that sets up without trekking poles
Poor ventilation
A bit small for two people
Expensive

The Nemo Hornet Elite is the best dedicated-pole tent in this review (it doesn't require trekking poles for setup). We liked it so much that we felt compelled to give out a second Editors' Choice award. If you're looking for a lightweight tent, but don't commonly carry trekking poles or don't want to have to carry adjustable poles, this is the best option. There are two vestibules and doors (one on each side), which significantly increases the livability and the extra storage space. It also increases the tent's stability in the wind by acting as extra guy-out points on the sides.

The Hornet is a bit tight for two, but the vestibules do give you some storage space for your gear. With the fly on we noticed a distinct lack of ventilation, but again, those double doors help air things out. It's also expensive and not that much lighter than the Nemo Hornet 2P, so if you want to save a bit of money, check out that one instead. We can tell what the extra dough is going for though. It's the best option for rocky sites commonly found above 10,000 feet, where it can be a challenge to find the six or so great stake spots that the Duplex or most tarps and non-freestanding tents require. This is the first dedicated pole tent to win an Editors' Choice award in our ultralight category — and we can't think of one that deserved it more.

Read review: Nemo Hornet Elite

Best Bang for the Buck


Black Diamond Beta Light


Black Diamond Beta Light
Best Buy Award

$193.00
(4% off)
at Amazon
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 1 lb 3 oz | Floor dimensions: 98 x 80 in
Very easy to set up
Doesn't take up much space in your pack
Great performance in high winds
Center of living area divided by the two support poles
Requires adjustable trekking poles for setup

If you don't need bug netting, the Black Diamond Beta Light is the best possible option at a greatly reduced price. It is a classic "do everything well" shelter, scoring highly in each of the metrics we assessed. It has plenty of room inside for two people and their packs, plus a dog, and it is tall enough that you can sit up inside of it. We also like its adaptability; you can pitch it off the ground a bit for better air flow, or lower it to close off the gaps when it's windy or storming. Best of all, it packs down into a stuff sack far smaller than any other in this review, even the tarps. This was especially appreciated by those of us who only backpack with a 40L pack.

While it doesn't have built-in bug protection, Black Diamond sells a bug netting insert for those that want to extend its usage during the buggiest months. However, the bug netting is heavy (1 lb 13 oz) and costs $170, which ends up negating some of the cost savings of this mid. The two interior trekking poles provide a stable design, especially in the wind, but they set up in the middle of the tent, rather than on the edges like most other trekking pole tents, a possible issue if you plan to snuggle up with your partner. If you are planning an adventure where the lack of bug netting will not be a problem, then we recommend the Beta Light as the best value ultralight option, and love its fantastic price! Need even more room? The Beta Light's Cousin, the Black Diamond Mega Light has space for four people, and it's still exceptionally light and reasonably affordable.

Read review: Black Diamond Beta Light

Best Ultralight Tent for One Person


Gossamer Gear The One


Top Pick Award

$300 List
List Price
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 1 lb 10.8 oz | Floor dimensions: 88 x 34 inches
Plenty of room, even if you're tall, wide, or have tons of gear.
Great features
Sets up quickly and easily
Proper orientation to wind is necessary for optimal wind resistance

While many people love backpacking with family or friends, it seems to us that just as many enjoy embarking on backcountry missions solo. In the spring of 2018, we made an effort to test some quality single person tents, and are happy to recommend Gossamer Gear's The One as the best ultralight option. It subscribes to the tried and true catenary cut "tarp tent" design also used in our Editors' Choice winning Zpacks Duplex but saves a little weight by using a solid vertical wall opposite its very spacious double door vestibule. We loved this tent because it was relatively affordable, easy to set up, and had tons of room for both our body and all of our gear. Sewn-in bug netting with a well-ventilated silNylon bathtub floor offers the needed protection without having to add on ground tarps or costly and heavy inserts. Little features like a built-in clothesline, high headroom for sitting, and optimal length stakeouts with line-locks attached made this tent easy to use, and to love!

We found few things to complain about after testing this tent, but the major one would be that choosing a sheltered site and orienting the tent correctly is necessary to avoid winds and rain from hitting the vertical wall broadside. If you are looking for an ultralight single person tent that is not only roomy but also offers privacy and bug protection at no extra cost in money or weight, we think The One is your best bet. Gossamer Gear also makes The Two, using a similar design for those who bring their friends, which features double doors and vestibules at a low price of only $389.

Read review: Gossamer Gear The One

Top Pick for Ultralight Tarp


Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp


Top Pick Award

$301.75
(15% off)
at Hyperlite Mountain Gear
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 11 oz | Floor dimensions: Depends on configuration
Lighter than any other tarp or tent in our review
Very adaptable sets up in many configurations
Made with top quality DCF fabric ensuring durability and waterproofness
You'll need a bivy sack for extra bug and weather protection

For true ultralight aficionados and die-hard thru-hikers, no form of shelter burdens you less than a tarp. While they may have a few drawbacks compared to regular enclosed tents, proponents of tarps will always argue that the benefits outweigh the hindrances. While we only tested two stand-alone tarps in this year's review, the Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp was once again the best of the best. The perfectly square design makes it slightly harder to achieve a drum-tight pitch in A-frame mode, but also allows for endless adaptability when it comes to pitching options and locations. At only 10.9 ounces — including the copious amounts of tie-out cordage — this tarp is far and away the lightest shelter in this review.

That weight comes with a minor caveat, however, in that you will likely want to bring along a ground cloth to sleep on, and depending on the season and weather, may also need a bivy sack for added weather and bug protection, which ups the overall shelter system weight and cost a bit. Also keep in mind that both the price and the weight are for the tarp without the trekking poles needed to set it up, or the stakes needed to keep it affixed to the ground, so you will have to figure in the money and weight attributed to both. Regardless, if you are in the market for a tarp and want the best one we have ever used, look no further than this excellent design.

Read review: Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp

Best Value with Bug Netting and Floor


Nemo Hornet 2P


Nemo Hornet 2P
Best Buy Award

$274.49
(26% off)
at Amazon
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 2 lbs | Floor dimensions: 85 x 51 in
Fast and easy to pitch
Excellent bug and weather protection
A little heavy for the ultralight category
Small for two people

While the BD Beta Light wins our Best Bang for the Buck Award for the best value, it might not appeal to folks that want a floor, bug netting, and don't want to deal with wrangling trekking poles and guylines. If that sounds like you, check out the Nemo Hornet. Similar to the Elite, there are two doors and vestibules, which is great for some extra storage space and also so that you don't have to crawl over your companion to get out of the tent. It was among the most stable tents that we tested in the wind, which we attribute to the extra stake out points at the point of each vestibule, and also did fine in the rain. It scored higher overall than its direct (free standing) competitors and was easier to set up.

On the downside, we found it to be a tight squeeze for two people. With two inflatable sleeping pads, there was some necessary overlap around the feet. At $370, it still isn't cheap; however, it's nearly half the cost of most of the models in this review when you factor in the additional cost of modular bug nets. It is also the "heaviest" model in this review, but let's be real — two lbs might be heavy when compared to this UL line-up, but it's still lighter than 99% of the other backpacking tents on the market. Compared to the Black Diamond Beta Light with the optional $170 bug netting accessory, it's a half pound lighter and about the same cost.

Read review: Nemo Hornet 2P

Top Pick for Most Spacious


Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2


Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2
Top Pick Award

$715.00
at Backcountry
See It

Weight of tent, fly, poles: 1 lb | Floor dimensions: 83 x 107 in
Holds up well in high winds
An enormous amount of floor space; tall, steep walls make it super spacious
Can be set up with an airflow gap, or flush to the ground
One of the most expensive shelters in the review.
Needs a single center pole longer than the average trekking pole

To save you a few ounces of weight, most ultralight shelters will end up costing you a bit in comfort. Many of the two-person tents we tested significantly compromised on enclosed interior space in their efforts to weigh as little as possible, something we often lamented. In our view, it doesn't do much good to weigh four ounces less if that also means it is impossible to fit all your gear — where is the practicality in that? For that reason, we wanted to recognize the shelter which offered by far the most space of any ultralight tent we tested, the Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2. This four-sided pyramid is fully enclosed in top-quality DCF material, ranking it right up there with the very best for weather protection. But even better, its tall, steep sidewalls and huge footprint mean that there is enough space for two people to sleep, plus a dog, gear, and then still some room left over for a kitchen or simply spreading out.

It does have a couple of notable downsides — the high cost for one, and the fact that it's so tall that it needs a center pole longer than a single trekking pole. That said, if you want a very adaptable, super weather-resistant, fully enclosed shelter that will never have you lamenting the trade-off in space or comfort, then this is the tent for you. For a similar, cheaper, but less weather resistant model, check out the Black Diamond Mega Light. The Mega Light is made from silNylon, so it stretches when it absorbs water and weighs a bit more, but we feel it's still an excellent value.

Read review: Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2


Analysis and Test Results


The tents and shelters represented in this review fall into four broad design categories — tarps, tarp tents, pyramids, and double wall tents. Every model was designed to be as light as possible, but in many ways that is the only thing these shelters have in common. It is not a stretch to call ultralight tents the most innovative genre of outdoor gear, as the countless solutions to the over-riding problem — weight — often left us in awe of designers originality. With such a broad spectrum of unique designs, it often felt like we were trying to compare apples to oranges to bananas. It should be obvious that tarps and double wall tents are going to have drastically different strengths and weaknesses, so it is important that you identify which grading metrics are most important for your needs as a starting point to choosing the right shelter, rather than looking only at the overall score.

We brought these tents into the field where they faced conditions ranging from bluebird summer days to gale force winds and stinging hail, and even an early season snow storm. When we didn't get rain, we'd replicate it with the sprinkler.

We rated each model based on five criteria to come up with an overall performance score. We considered their livability, weight, weather protection, adaptability, and ease of setup, all of which we think are important when selecting an ultralight tent. We also considered some of the metrics to be more important than others, with livability being the most important (30% of the overall score), and adaptability a little less (only 10%). Note that we scored these models compared to each other, and not the tent market in general, so even though some of the models have high weather resistance scores, we're considering them against each other and in mostly three-season conditions. If you need something for your next expedition to Denali, check out our 4 Season Tent review instead.

Testing our Editors' Choice Award winning Zpacks Duplex in the lower reaches of the Dark Canyon in the newly created Bears Ears National Monument  Utah.
Testing our Editors' Choice Award winning Zpacks Duplex in the lower reaches of the Dark Canyon in the newly created Bears Ears National Monument, Utah.

Value


The lightest most durable materials are costly, no getting around it. The tents in our review that use Dyneema all cost over $600. While they are also the top scoring models because of their liveability and awesome designs, we understand that there are folks that want ultralight options on a budget. The less expensive options are made of silnylon, a material that heavier and not as water resistant. When considering price, you'll likely be forking over more cash for less weight in your pack. Long distance hikers do the kind of math all the time. If you spend $600 on a tent and spend four months on the trail, that's around $5 a night. Save money and purchase a less expensive tent that weighs 10 oz more you're carrying down the trail with every step. The lesson here is that if you're going to use your tent often, a lighter more expensive tent is likely more valuable to you and your knees. Only using your tent a few nights a year? Then budget options will be easier to swallow.

While the Zpacks Duplex led the pack in performance (and almost price at $600!), this chart helps you find budget options that still performed well. High value budget models include the Six Moons Design Haven Tarp ($210) and our Best Buy winner, the Black Diamond Beta Light ($200). Our Best Buy for a dedicated-pole tent, the Nemo Hornet 2P ($370), is a little more expensive than those options, but still less than other dedicated-pole tents and a good value for the performance.


Livability


While weather protection may be the primary reason for carrying a shelter on your adventures versus just sleeping out under the stars, the fact is that livability is the attribute that accounts for your happiness the most. We define livability as how comfortable it is to live in a tent: sleeping, sorting and storing gear, and waiting out storms. In an ideal world, the shelter would be long and wide enough for two regular sized sleeping pads if it's a two-person tent, with a little extra room left over. While space requirements are the most important and notable aspect of livability, a few other things contribute as well — insect protection, condensation management, privacy, and whether a tent has a floor or not. We consider livability to be the single most important aspect of a tent, because if your tent is too uncomfortable to enjoy using it, then it isn't going to be a worthwhile purchase. As such, Livability accounts for 30% of a product's final score.


All of the factors described above went into our accounting for livability and are described in further detail in a product's review. While sleeping space, vestibule space, and tent height are rather self-explanatory, some of the other factors deserve a few words. Depending on the season you are backpacking, bug protection can be a significant issue. Those tents that included built-in bug netting or protection were preferable to our testers, as we often camped in Colorado and Wyoming during spring and summer. We gave a pass to those shelters that allow for modular bug protection when needed, and like the fact that we don't have to carry it when it's not necessary. However, it is worth noting that when adding bug protection to many models, the weight and packed size, as well as the cost, tend to balloon a bit, and are not accounted for in our specs table. We considered tents with built-in bug netting that still weighed less than two pounds to present the most versatility and the best value.

Elizabeth demonstrating the ample amount of room inside the Beta Light  and also how both front door flaps can be fastened back for greater airflow. With two interior poles  there are few options for adjusting the layout inside  but we didn't find this to be a problem.
Elizabeth demonstrating the ample amount of room inside the Beta Light, and also how both front door flaps can be fastened back for greater airflow. With two interior poles, there are few options for adjusting the layout inside, but we didn't find this to be a problem.

Condensation management can also be an issue for some single-wall tents. In general, double wall tents do a decent enough job of keeping condensation away from your body and sleeping bag, as do tarps that have excellent ventilation, which means condensation doesn't build up as quickly. In our experience, enclosed, single wall tents like the "tarp tents" and pyramids had the worst condensation issues. For single wall tents, we much preferred designs that were spacious enough to both lie down and sit up without automatically rubbing against the walls, which could be wet in the morning. We also appreciated designs that could still be considered ultralight and included a floor. While the lack of a floor is overcome by bringing a ground cloth or Tyvek, or simply multi-purposing a raincoat or poncho, and in some situations could be regarded as an advantage, floors are nice for the protection they offer, especially if the ground is already wet or muddy before you set up the tent.

Lacking a floor  a ground cloth of some sort is key for camping on just about any surface. Obvious in this photo is the incredible amount of interior space the UltaMid 2 affords  plenty of storage on this solo ski  adventure.
Lacking a floor, a ground cloth of some sort is key for camping on just about any surface. Obvious in this photo is the incredible amount of interior space the UltaMid 2 affords, plenty of storage on this solo ski adventure.

The ultralight tent with the highest score for Livability is the Tarptent StratoSpire Li. This two-person tent has two huge storage vestibules for storage and cooking, mesh pockets two mesh pockets for staying organized, and four points for ventilation. Using a very similar design is the Editors' Choice Award Winning Zpacks Duplex. The Duplex has double doors, and two vestibules, though they are smaller than the StratoSpire's. Third place consideration goes to Our Top Pick for Solo Adventurers, Gossamer Gear's The One, which uses an A-frame, trekking pole supported design to create impressive headroom and living space, plus a single vestibule. Next is the Haven Tarp with the same design and interior space as the Duplex but without the built-in bug protection and floor. However, for an extra $150, the modular Haven Net Tent can be added to the inside, thereby providing bug protection and SilNylon flooring. The UltaMid 2, on the other hand, is the most spacious fully enclosed shelter in this review, with plenty of room inside for two, a dog, and lots of gear. It is also the tallest shelter and was so roomy that we decided to award it a Top Pick for its spaciousness. It doesn't come with bug protection, although if the mosquitos are light, then the edges can be dropped to the ground. Otherwise, modular bug netting, both without a floor (lighter) and with a floor, can be purchased and used when needed, same goes for the heavier yet more affordable Black Diamond Mega Light. This tent has a similar design to the Ultamid but is constructed with silNylon instead of expensive waterproof Dyneema.

The Nemo Hornet (pictured here) and the Hornet Elite are the dedicated pole tents we tested that have two doors and two vestibules. This makes them easier to fit two people and their gear compared to the Fly Creek Platinum. Here set up just above treeline in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado.
The Nemo Hornet (pictured here) and the Hornet Elite are the dedicated pole tents we tested that have two doors and two vestibules. This makes them easier to fit two people and their gear compared to the Fly Creek Platinum. Here set up just above treeline in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado.

Weight


You might think that as an ultralight tent review, the weight would be the most important metric in the grading scale. This time we took a different approach and decided that since these tents are all light, it was more important to focus first on the things that differentiate them. Now don't get us wrong, we still think weight is a critical measure of the functionality of an ultralight shelter, and we recognize that there is a notable difference between a shelter that is 10.9 ounces and one that is nearly 2.5 lbs. The Zpacks Duplex and the Tarptent StratoSpire have similar scores, but the Duplex comes out ahead because it's 6.4oz lighter. As a compromise, we settled on 25% as the amount that weight contributes to a product's final score.


The overall weights of each product can be found in the specs table at the top of this article. But once again, due to the differences in what comes with each tent or shelter, comparing weight sometimes felt like comparing apples to peaches. For instance, most of the shelters included here do not come with poles, and are designed instead to be pitched using adjustable trekking poles. So, understandably, those shelters are going to weigh less in general than the dedicated pole tents that did come with poles needed for setup. However, to use one of these lighter models, you will need to carry trekking poles and will have to account for that weight somewhere in your overall backpacking load. The same thing applies to stakes. Many don't include stakes with the shelter it again means that on paper, a certain shelter may look lighter than it will be in practice. Other instances of potentially necessary added weight to a shelter are ground cloths for floorless shelters, a lightweight bivy sack for weather protection while using a tarp, and adding on modular bug netting if it is needed.

All of the ultralight shelters in the 2017 review stuffed into their respective sacks. Top  from left to right: Nemo Hornet 2P  Terra Nova Solar Photon 2  Big Agnes Fly Creek HV 2 Platinum  Zpacks Duplex  and Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2. On the bottom  L to R: MSR Flylite 2  Six Moons Designs Haven Tarp  Mountain Laurel Designs Grace Tarp Duo  Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp  and Black Diamond Beta Light.
All of the ultralight shelters in the 2017 review stuffed into their respective sacks. Top, from left to right: Nemo Hornet 2P, Terra Nova Solar Photon 2, Big Agnes Fly Creek HV 2 Platinum, Zpacks Duplex, and Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2. On the bottom, L to R: MSR Flylite 2, Six Moons Designs Haven Tarp, Mountain Laurel Designs Grace Tarp Duo, Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp, and Black Diamond Beta Light.

If weight is the single most important criteria for your shelter selection, we firmly advise you to delve deeply into the individual product pages, where we will discuss what comes with a shelter vs. what is needed to make it complete. To compare these products and assign scores for weight, and to be as fair as possible, we weighed the individual components that came with each shelter.

A side by side comparison of the two smallest stuffing shelters in this review  the HMG Square Flat Tarp on the right  and the Black Diamond Beta Light (with stakes included!) on the left. These shelters define "Take anywhere."
A side by side comparison of the two smallest stuffing shelters in this review, the HMG Square Flat Tarp on the right, and the Black Diamond Beta Light (with stakes included!) on the left. These shelters define "Take anywhere."

The Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp and Zpacks Hexamid Solo were far and away the weight winners. The Square Flat Tarp weighed only 10.9 ounces for the tarp itself and the included tie-off cordage but will need trekking poles and at least six stakes. We tested an 8.5'x 8.5' version of this tarp, but it also comes in 6'x 8' and 8'x 10' rectangular versions. The Zpacks Hexamid Solo was also incredibly light, weighing in at a mere 11.1 ounces for a solo shelter that does include sewn-in bug netting, far and away the lightest shelter to include this protection. It likewise does not include the weight of the single trekking pole needed for setup, or the mandatory eight stakes, but can be purchased without any bug netting at a weight of only 5.9 ounces!! Now that is light! Third lightest was predictably the SilNylon Mountain Laurel Designs Grace Tarp Duo, which is catenary cut, meaning that it is shaped for setup in A-frame mode only, so isn't as adaptable as a flat tarp. Our version weighed only 15.1 ounces, again including the tie-off cordage, but without stakes or poles. For an extra $130, this tarp can be purchased with DCF fiber construction, making it a shade lighter than the SilNylon version. Even without the stakes included in the reckoning, the double-wall tents that came with included poles were the heaviest tents.

Weather Resistance


The most important reason for having a tent with you on your backcountry adventures is for weather protection. After all, if the weather was always perfect, why wouldn't you simply sleep beneath the stars every night, cowboy style? Your tent or tarp should be able to adequately protect you from rain, wind, hail, and light snow. While the pyramid designs are versatile enough to be able to bear the load of heavy snow, most of these shelters are designed for three-season use in mind, and in general, lack the structure necessary to withstand the weight of a severe snow storm. While we did get snowed on pretty heavily a couple of nights while testing these shelters in the Himalaya (with very mixed results), we didn't assess for how well an ultralight shelter handles snow. Because it is so important, we weighted Weather Resistance as 25% of a product's overall score.


The models we tested for this review are only made out of a couple of different materials. Ripstop SilNylon, which is nylon permeated with Silicon, is the most commonly used and most affordable. Dyneema Composite Fabric (DCF), formerly known as Cuben Fiber, is less common but has some very worthy attributes. It is lighter than SilNylon, is functionally pretty much waterproof, doesn't absorb water or stretch when wet, doesn't degrade from exposure to UV rays, and is easy to repair in the field. It is also considerably more expensive, and thus the shelters made from DCF are far more costly than their SilNylon counterparts. A couple of the tents tested use Ripstop Nylon coated with a Polyurethane coating other than Silicon. More information about these fabrics can be found in our Buying Advice Article, as well as on a product's page.

After about an hour of snowfall  the SilNylon Beta Light has begun to absorb a bit of moisture and the fabric is stretching and sagging a bit  a drawback of SilNylon. Even if we hadn't put these rocks in place  there are few options for re-tensioning this tent except adjusting the location of the stakes.
After about an hour of snowfall, the SilNylon Beta Light has begun to absorb a bit of moisture and the fabric is stretching and sagging a bit, a drawback of SilNylon. Even if we hadn't put these rocks in place, there are few options for re-tensioning this tent except adjusting the location of the stakes.

We determined that one of the most stable designs for resisting the wind was the "tarp tent," or A-frame tarp design that includes "beaks" or protective vestibules on each open end. Five tents in this review fit this design, the Tarptent StratoSpire Li the Zpacks Duplex, Six Moon Designs Haven Tarp, Sea to Summit Specialist Duo, and The One. The Tarptent StratoSpire Li came on top in this metrics thanks to its huge vestibules. The vestibules create a large area out of the rain, but not in your tent. This allows you to sit in the waterproof Dyneema tub-style tent and stay dry, while you take off your wet shoes and rain jacket and leave them in the vestibule. The vestibules feature storm flaps secured in place with tiny magnets. Very close behind is the Zpacks Duplex, which features a similar design, but has smaller vestibules and a hook and loop closure instead of zippers. iOn the other hand, the Haven Tarp is made out of SilNylon and doesn't have a built-in bathtub floor, so scored slightly lower despite still being one of the most protective.

Likewise, The One compromised a bit by only having one vestibule beak. Pyramid style tents are also very effective at repelling the wind and rain, and the Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2, with its DCF fabric, also ranked right up there as the best. Just as stable in the wind, but not quite as water resistant with its SilNylon construction, was the Black Diamond Beta Light, a two-poled pyramid design. While they offer adequate protection, the double-wall ultralight tents we tested struggle to handle a strong wind as well as the products above, and need some serious guying out in heavy weather. Likewise, standard A-frame or square tarps, while offering adequate protection from the rain, need a sheltered site and an experienced camper to handle high winds well.

DCF fabric  formerly known as Cuben Fiber  is completely water proof  and will not absorb water either  meaning it won't stretch or sag when it gets wet. It is also tough  durable  and doesn't degrade with exposure to UV light. Did we mention its also lighter than SilNylon? What's not to love? Except for the cost...
DCF fabric, formerly known as Cuben Fiber, is completely water proof, and will not absorb water either, meaning it won't stretch or sag when it gets wet. It is also tough, durable, and doesn't degrade with exposure to UV light. Did we mention its also lighter than SilNylon? What's not to love? Except for the cost...

Extra Stakes and Cord Often Not Included
For maximum weather protection, you often need 10+ stakes to fully use all the guy point options. Most of these tents come without included stakes, and some others only come with 6-8 stakes. You can buy more 6-gram carbon stakes, use rocks or go with these cheaper stakes ($1 ea.) if you are looking for a deal. Ten or so feet of p-cord can also come in handy when securing your tent to natural anchors like trees or boulders, or to make additional guy lines.

Adaptability


Adaptability may be more or less important to you based on where you often end up camping. If you often find yourself off trail sleeping on uneven surfaces or in rapidly changing weather conditions, adaptability will be important. Generally, the tarp-style shelters do well in this metric. Snowy? Make a steep-sided shelter or a lean-to with your tarp. Or you could string up your tarp to be as wide possible to hide from the desert sun. The ability to add or remove floors or bug nets also added points to a shelters adaptability. Overall, we found adaptability to be a minor consideration compared to the three metrics above, and thus weighted it as 10% of a product's final score.


The top scorer for adaptability was once again the Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp. With a wide breadth of experience as well as an understanding of weather dynamics and rigging, this tarp can be set up and used in a nearly unlimited amount of different ways. Since it is flat, rather than "cat" cut, it can be easily deployed in a low to the ground storm mode that does a significantly better job of protecting against both rain and wind than in A-frame mode. With 16 perimeter tie-outs and four more found on the face of the tarp, there are many options for tailoring this tarp to the environment you'll be spending time in.

On a super warm but buggy night in the Black Canyon of the Gunnison  the only thing needed was the inner mesh of the Fly Creek HV 2 Platinum.
On a super warm but buggy night in the Black Canyon of the Gunnison, the only thing needed was the inner mesh of the Fly Creek HV 2 Platinum.

The second most adaptable designs were the two pyramids — the Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2 as well as the Black Diamond Beta Light. Both of these tents can be set up high for added airflow or low to the ground for more bomber protection from the wind. They are incredibly weather resistant, and even though this review is about three-season shelters, Mids are almost ideally suited as either cook or sleeping tents in the snow or on expeditions, making them genuine four-season options. We also appreciated the adaptability of the double wall designs that allowed for sleeping under only mesh netting on perfect nights, and since they are mostly free-standing models, often don't need soft ground to set up successfully.

Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp pitched in super low storm mode without stakes. (Extra long guylines wrap around rocks.) North Cascades  WA.
Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp pitched in super low storm mode without stakes. (Extra long guylines wrap around rocks.) North Cascades, WA.

Ease of Set-up


The final metric on our overall scoring is Ease of Set-up. No smart backpacker will ever head out into the wilderness without first practicing setting up his shelter at home sometimes, and with practice, almost all of these tents become easy to set up. That said, being able to set up a tent in less than a minute or two, alone, in gusting wind that often precedes inclement weather may ultimately make a difference in your comfort level for the night, especially if the inclement weather lingers for a while. To decide these scores, we busted out a stopwatch and timed ourselves, after a couple of practice rounds first. We also made a note of how easy or difficult wind can make setup. Ease of Setup accounted for 10% of a product's final score.


The winner of our Best Dedicated Pole Tent Award, the Nemo Hornet 2P, was one of the most intuitive tents to set up. Its pole-locking clips at the corners where the poles join the tent meant that it was much simpler for one person to get all three ends of the poles into place than the other double wall designs, simply because once clipped in place, the pole tips had no chance to come unclipped. While it does require a minimum of four stakes (two on the bottom corners, two for the vestibules), this tent is intuitive and easy to set up in a hurry by one person. Even easier was the Black Diamond Beta Light, which needs to be staked out loosely at four corners, and then have the two center poles propped up inside.

Setup made easy for one person. This is the Nemo Hornet 2P tent. The ball end of the pole locks into place  meaning that now you don't have to hold tension as you run around and place the other two ends of this three-legged pole into their places. The rain fly clips onto this small plastic piece as well.
Setup made easy for one person. This is the Nemo Hornet 2P tent. The ball end of the pole locks into place, meaning that now you don't have to hold tension as you run around and place the other two ends of this three-legged pole into their places. The rain fly clips onto this small plastic piece as well.

The Tarptent StratoSpire Li and the Zpacks Duplex include adjustable guy lines with easy to use cords locks. This makes it much easier to make micro adjustments in the middle of the night. If you wake up to snow or heavy rain and didn't properly tension your tent before you went to sleep, the ability to easily tighten down the guy lines is much faster than having to reposition your stakes as you would with the Black Diamond Beta Light or the Mega Light.

While the UltaMid 2 makes a great basecamp tent  and is adaptable for use on snow (try digging down in the snow to create a far taller covered room to hang out in!)  that simply wasn't going to happen in the Weminuche Wilderness if there was even a hint of flat enough bare ground  which their barely was.
While the UltaMid 2 makes a great basecamp tent, and is adaptable for use on snow (try digging down in the snow to create a far taller covered room to hang out in!), that simply wasn't going to happen in the Weminuche Wilderness if there was even a hint of flat enough bare ground, which their barely was.

Conclusion


For this review, we chose 16 of the best and most popular models of ultralight tents from a vast initial selection, to bring you the best information possible. While there are many different designs of ultralight shelters available today, we represent the widest breadth of options to better help you understand the positives and negatives of each design. We encourage you to delve into the individual reviews where you'll see an even further analysis of each model, weighing the pros and cons and laying out what we feel are the best applications for each model. We enjoyed taking each of these tents to our favorite backcountry vistas and sleep spots, and while some do perform better than others, each one kept use out of the elements. In the end, we hope that this expert advice has helped you to choose the best ultralight tent for your needs, and we thank you for reading.


Matt Bento & Andy Wellman