This award winner is a tarp tent style shelter that includes sewn-in bug protection and a waterproof bathtub floor at the lowest possible weight for a fully enclosed tent, only 21 ounces! The Duplex is our Editors' Choice Award winner because it combines the best attributes of an ultralight tent — low weight, great weather (and bug) protection, and ample space for two — better than any other tent we tested. Typically set up using two adjustable trekking poles; it is the ultimate backpacking or thru-hiking shelter. It is also possible to purchase straight tent poles, allowing one the versatility of not needing trekking poles or even upgrade it to a freestanding shelter while adding only 11 ounces to the whole package. Its single wall and bathtub floor use Dyneema Composite Fiber (DCF), which is lightweight, tear resistant and easily patched, naturally waterproof, and doesn't absorb water. Although you will need to pay a lot for this made-to-order shelter, we believe that compared to the competition, it shines as the best. Its closest (and we mean close) competition is the Tarptent StratoSpire Li. The Stratospire has a similar design, but is more weather resistant, has larger vestibules, and weighs 6.4 oz more than the Duplex.
ZPacks Duplex Flex Upgrade Review
Cons: Expensive, doesn’t include necessary stakes
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ZPacks Duplex Flex Upgrade
|Price||$600 List||$700 List||$535 List||$300 List||$715.00 at Backcountry|
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|Pros||Only 21 ounces with included bug protection and flooring, four-sided weather protection, ample space for two, double doors||Great weather protection, lightweight, adaptable||Under a pound, bombproof dyneema construction, ultralight stakes included||Roomy, easy to setup, fully enclosed, affordable||DCF construction is lightweight and waterproof, has the most enclosed interior space of any tent we tested, great for four season use|
|Cons||Expensive, doesn’t include necessary stakes||Expensive||Expensive, single pole set-up takes a little practice||A tad heavy to be considered ultralight for one, design not quite as wind stable as double vestibule options||Requires lashing two poles together for setup, very expensive, no floor or bug protection built in|
|Bottom Line||The best combination of weather and bug protection, ample space for two people, and light weight makes it our Editors’ Choice winner.||This is one of the best, most liveable ultralight shelters money can buy.||Our favorite ultralight shelter for strictly solo adventures.||The One is the best fully enclosed single person shelter that we have tested.||A super high-quality and spacious single wall pyramid made of DCF, with a price tag to match its materials and craftsmanship.|
|Rating Categories||ZPacks Duplex Flex Upgrade||Tarptent StratoSpire Li||Tarptent Aeon Li||Gossamer Gear The One||UltaMid 2|
|Weather Resistance (25%)|
|Ease Of Set Up (10%)|
|Specs||ZPacks Duplex Flex...||Tarptent...||Tarptent Aeon Li||Gossamer Gear The...||UltaMid 2|
|Trail Weight: fly/tarp, tent/optional bug net, poles||1.76 lb w/ Flex upgrade||1.75 lb (w/o poles)||.98 lb||1.68 lb||2.32 lb (w/o poles)|
|Shelter/ FastFly Weight (tarp and minimum guy lines or fly and poles)||1.06 lb (w/o poles)||1.06 lb||.98 lb||1.32 lb (w/o poles)||1.48 lb (w/o poles)|
|Weight of Components||Tent with bathtub floor: 19.7 oz, Flex upgrade: 11oz, Guy lines and clips: 1.2 oz, Stuff sack: .3 oz||Tent with bathtub floor: 25.6 oz, Floor and bug net: 11.5 oz, Fly: 14.1 oz||Tent with Bathtub floor and bug net: 15.8 oz Stakes: 1.7 oz||Total: 1 lb. 6 oz., Tent: 1 lb. 5.1 oz., Extra tie outs: 0.5 oz., Stuff sack: 0.4 oz., Optional aluminum poles: 5.7 oz.||Mid: 1 lb. 7.7 oz. (bug insert with floor = 22 oz, bug insert w/o floor = 13.4 oz.)|
|Max Floor Dimensions (inches)||45" x 90"||86" x 45"||88" x 30"||88" x 34"||83" x 107"|
|Peak Height (inches)||48"||45"||47"||46"||64"|
|Type||Tarp Tent||Tarp Tent||Tarp Tent||Tarp Tent||Floorless Pyramid|
|Fabric||.51 oz/sqyd DCF Fabric||Dyneema||Dyneema||7D high tenacity nylon-blended sil/pu coating||DCF8 Dyneema Composite Fabrics|
|Capacity||2 person||2 person||1 person||1 person||2 person|
|Packed Size (inches)||7" x 13"||16" x 4"||14" x 4"||6" x 9"||8.5" x 6" x 5.5"|
|Floor Area||28.13 sq ft||26.88 sq ft||18.3 sq ft||19.55 sq ft||63 sq ft|
|Number of Poles||4||2 trekking poles||1 trekking pole||2 trekking poles||2 trekking poles|
|Number of Tie Outs||8||8||7||10||8|
Our Analysis and Test Results
This season, we tested out the Duplex Flex Upgrade. The Flex gives you the option of having a free-standing version of the Duplex that is easier to set up on surfaces that are impossible to stake and allows you to set the tent up without trekking poles, though it adds 11 oz and $125 to the whole package. It's a nice option if you're on a river trip, camping on soft sand or granite slabs. We feel the four flex pole set up makes this tent more adaptable, though most of our testers say they'd go with the lighter weight trekking pole set up, so our metrics reflect the Duplex without the Flex pole option.
The Duplex is a revised and upgraded edition of the award-winning Zpacks Hexamid Twin tent that we have previously reviewed and loved. With its inclusive bug mesh and bathtub floor, this tent weighs a few ounces more than the super light Hexamid Twin, but we feel that the upgrades are worth the weight and that this is indeed a superior version. There are a few noticeable changes: the Duplex is taller, now has doors on each side, has taller doors, and has sewn-in bug mesh and a waterproof DCF floor with eight-inch vertical sides.
The Duplex tent is a tarp style single wall tent that sets up as an A-frame with two adjustable trekking poles serving as support at each end. What sets it apart from other tarps is that it includes sewn-in mesh bug netting as well as a highly durable DCF bathtub style floor. Covering the door at each end of the open A-frame is a zippered mesh door and vestibule fly, so that not only can this tent be accessed from each side, but it also has four-sided wind and rain protection, something not available on your standard tarp. What also sets it apart from virtually every two-person tent we tested is the spaciousness of its interior.
It's wide enough for two people and their sleeping pads (something that sadly not the case in many "two-person" tents). It also has plenty of headroom while sitting and at 90 inches long is comfortable for taller individuals. This tent is made of Dyneema Composite Fiber, affording many advantages over silnylon tents, such as natural waterproofing (no DWR coatings needed), it doesn't stretch or absorb water, and is highly durable and easily fixable with repair tape in the field should a rip occur. Compared to other high scoring products in our review, like the Big Agnes Fly Creek HV2 Platinum or the Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp, this tent offers more space and more comprehensive weather protection.
Weather resistance is a strong point of the Duplex, which protects better than most of the products in this review.
The primary protective overhead sheet of fabric is a lightweight Dyneema Composite Fiber (DCF) that does an excellent job of sheltering one from a downpour. The DCF fiber is naturally waterproof, so unlike DWR coatings or laminates, the waterproofness cannot wear off. It also does not absorb any water, so it doesn't stretch and sag when it gets wet like nylon tent flies. The shape of the tarp is a cat cut, so the tips of the poles on each end of the eaves are higher than the middle. This design makes it easier to tension the tarp so that it is tight on all sides, thereby keeping it from flapping in the wind. The edges of the tent extend six inches out beyond the boundaries of the interior bathtub floor, giving an excellent protective eave on all sides that do well in a hard or driving downpour. We loved how the bathtub floor, also made of a stronger DCF material, is included with this tarp. The sides of this floor rise eight inches above the ground — ideal height for protecting against splashback — and also offering peace of mind as a protective layer against water or mud in heavy storms.
Like all A-frame pitched tarps, this one has openings on either side. However, unlike the Mountain Laurel Designs Grace Tarp Duo or Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp, the Duplex has vestibules on each side which protect from rain and wind, as well as offering added privacy. These vestibules are overlapping flaps of DCF that close using a unique hooking system and don't have the added weight of a zipper, or the inherent ability to wear out and get stuck. When it is nice out, these flaps easily roll back affording excellent ventilation and views, as well as convenient in and out access. As long as your stake out points are secure, this tent is stable in high winds. That said, it's still drafty inside, much like a single wall pyramid tent where the fly doesn't reach the ground, such as the Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2. It also has two extra guy-out points, with a cord attached, in the middle of each side of the tarp for nights with heavy weather. Overall, we found this to be one of the best ultralight tents we tested for weather protection, giving it 8 out of 10 points. If you're adventuring in particularly wet and windy environments, then the Tarptent StratoSpire Li has better weather protection, and its vestibules are large enough to cook inside, out of the rain.
Livability represents how comfortable a tent is to hang out in, and compared to the competition, the Duplex is one of the most livable tents in this review. Livability is a large reason why we chose this tent as our Editors' Choice winner.
Interior space in this tent is one of the things we immediately noticed, especially after spending nights in much smaller models.
It comfortably fits two people, something not true about some of the two-person tents we tested, like the Nemo Hornet 2P. It is also tall enough inside to sit up comfortably, without having a center pole that prevents one from effectively utilizing the area with the best headroom, as happens with the Hyperlite Mountain Gear UltaMid 2.
The bug protection is a huge bonus, eliminating the need to purchase and add on some other sort of system, such as a detachable net or bivy sack. When many of the tents in this review advertise super low weight, minimal bulk, or low price, they are neglecting this critical feature. Anyone who backpacks in the summer knows how critical bug protection is, almost no matter where you are traveling. Add on this level of security, and you will often find that your ultralight shelter is now bulkier, heavier, and potentially more expensive than you initially bargained for, pointing us back to how awesome it is that all this comes with the Duplex.
We also loved how the design of the overhanging eaves with a horizontal bug net underneath allows proper ventilation and an optimal method for managing condensation. As the vapor builds up along the walls, it can run down and drip through the bug mesh to the outside of the tent, rather than merely running onto the floor. The combination of ventilating mesh on all sides almost makes it feel like a double wall tent.
Lastly, who can argue with double doors? The rainbow zipper on each door allows the whole wall to be opened up, so one doesn't need to crawl through a tiny opening to get in or out. With two people, each has their own door, making nighttime exits drama free, while also allowing for easier gear management within each vestibule. We also found that double doors mean double views, which is why most people are backpacking into the wilderness anyway!
The Duplex tested weighed in at 1 lb. 5.2 oz., or 21.2 ounces; this includes the weight of the tent as well as the bug netting and bathtub floor, which are attached and cannot be detached, as well as the stuff sack. This weight also includes the eight guy-out lines which come pre-cut and in place with line locks (one on each corner, one for each of the poles at the eaves of the tent, and two as extra guy-outs in the middle for bad weather). What it does not include is the six stakes that are needed to set it up on a soft surface (minimum), or eight if you also use the two extra guy out points, as well as the weight of trekking poles or optional tent poles if you choose to purchase them.
As you can see from the above chart, this places it as the fourth lightest shelter in this review. However, the three lighter tarps have neither a floor nor bug protection. By comparison, the Half Moon Designs Haven Tarp weighs in at 19.4 ounces, but you will add an extra 15 ounces for a floor and bug netting. Likewise, the Black Diamond Beta Light is a little bit heavier, but does not include the floor or bug netting. With these comparisons in mind, it is evident that the Duplex is extremely light considering that amount of built-in protection.
Adaptability is the one metric where the Duplex suffers compared to the competition and receives a low score, as evidenced by the table below:
The design is non-freestanding, meaning it needs to be staked and guyed out in at least six different directions to stay standing and weatherproof. Terrain choice for setup becomes a critical component of how well this tent performs. Ground surfaces like sand, snow, hard rock, or very shallow soil each present their challenges, most of which are precluded by using large rocks (if present), or by burying deadmen, instead of stabbing stakes into the ground. We tested the flex pole version of the duplex and found set up just easy, but feel the tent is less bomber in high winds when not tensioned against the two trekking poles. The freestanding flex upgrade is excellent for river trips where you're not likely to bring trekking poles and may often be camping in the sand. Additionally, this tarp can only set up one way, and so is not as adaptable as a standard tarp like the Hyperlite Mountain Gear Square Flat Tarp, which can pitch in a myriad of different patterns.
Another component of this tent is that it requires two adjustable trekking poles for setup.
To combat this limitation, Zpacks sells tent poles that perfectly fit the Duplex, at an additional cost of $58 and an extra of five ounces combined.
Ease of Set-up
Setting up the Duplex is not as intuitive or as easily managed by one person as a freestanding tent that includes poles like the Nemo Hornet 2P or Big Agnes Fly Creek HV2 Platinum.
However, with a little practice, and given that there isn't a howling wind, this tent can quickly pitch alone. The crux comes in correctly locating the stake placements, which takes a few setups to get the hang of. It can also be frustrating to keep one trekking pole standing upright in place without letting it fall over as you run around and stake out the corners on the opposite side. We found that we often needed to adjust a stake or two after the tent was standing to ensure tautness all around.
For the flex upgrade, the set-up process is similar, except you install the poles and adjust them until they're in the proper symmetrical configuration before staking the tent down. We found the flex version a little easier to set up. In short, setting up this tent takes a bit of practice, and one should read the instructions provided by Zpacks and conduct a few trial runs at home before staring down an impending thunderstorm out in the wild.
The Zpacks Duplex Ultra Light 2-person truly shines as a lightweight backpacking or thru-hiking shelter for all conditions. The need for trekking poles limits its use to these types of excursions unless one springs for the optional tent poles and is ideal for climates and seasons that are buggy and rainy. Although it is for three-season use, we believe that this tent would suffice in a pinch during snowy seasons but have not tested it in the snow. Unlike many two-person tents, this one is spacious enough for two people for long-term use without engendering space battles or resentments and is very spacious as a one-person palace.
The Duplex will cost you $599, plus an extra $125 if you prefer the flex upgrade, making it one of the more expensive shelters in this review. Add in the cost of stakes, which are not included but are necessary, and you have a pretty pricey purchase. For those looking to save money and weight, Zpacks sells the Duplex Tarp (without bug netting or a floor) for only $375. Despite the high cost, as our favorite ultralight tent that we tested and reviewed, we think it is worth the investment.
The Zpacks Duplex is our Editors' Choice Award winner; compared to the competition, it includes all of the things we are looking for in an ultralight shelter: low weight, great weather protection, a comfortable living space, and included bug protection. While it is expensive, the materials are quality, and the made-to-order craftsmanship is worth the expense. This tent is a fantastic option for long thru-hikes or short overnight backpacking trips, as it utilizes adjustable trekking poles for support, and can be customized for other uses or to be completely freestanding. With lots of major advantages and only minimal drawbacks, this tent quickly endeared itself to all who used it.
How To Get It
All Zpacks equipment must be ordered directly from the manufacturer, where it is made to order. Allow a few weeks minimum for your product to arrive, and consider contacting Zpacks ahead of time for advice on waiting times. Order your tent and other Zpacks products at Zpacks.com.
— Matt Bento