The world's most in-depth and scientific reviews of outdoor gear

How to Choose Hiking Shoes

A glimpse at some hiking shoes we've tested over the years.
Tuesday April 30, 2019

Hiking is luckily relatively easy to get into. It is not a sport that has a high barrier to entry and which requires a ton of new gear to purchase, at least for getting out on a day hike. The one piece of indispensable gear is a good pair of footwear. Try hiking with a pair that are either way too flimsy or way to sturdy for your objective and you could be left with sore feet, inflamed tendons, blisters, or worse! In our review of the best men's hiking shoes, we compare the comfort, support, weight, and traction offered by the most popular models on the trails today. This article helps you identify the criteria that are most important to you so that you can find a model that fits your needs best.

Types of Hiking Footwear


First, let's take a look at the types of footwear available for hiking. Each is an appropriate choice for hiking and light backpacking, depending on your experience and objectives. After detailing the advantages of each, we'll discuss two basic categories of hiking shoes and their attributes. And finally, we'll guide you through the fitting and sizing for your unique foot.

The right shoe for you depends on your personal preferences and the conditions and trail difficulties you travel.
The right shoe for you depends on your personal preferences and the conditions and trail difficulties you travel.

Hiking Boots


Salomon Quest 4D II GTX
Raise your hand if you grew up in an era where it was considered a rite of passage to oil your leather boots with mineral oil or turpentine and then have to break them in over a period that lasted somewhere around a decade? If your hand is up, and that experience didn't cause you to give up on hiking altogether, rest assured. Hiking boots have come a long way and are now made from everything from the common full grain leather uppers to more modern iterations with synthetic materials. Regardless of material used, these have a higher cut and offer better support and ankle protection than lower-cut models, and are generally a heavier boot with weights of 3-4 pounds being common. Check out our review of Men's Hiking Boots for the best boots available today.

Trail Runners


Pearl iZUMi Trail EM N2 V3 - Editors' Choice Winner
Trail running shoes are basically a more burly version of a running shoe. Looking like something that should be found on a treadmill rather than on a thru-hike, these trail runners use modern developments in rubber and foam technologies to give the shoe the support and stability requires for on-trail use while remaining light and nimble for those who put marathon-length distances down while out on their trail runs. Since these shoes are meant for running and not hiking, the margin for being able to comfortably carry a backpack while wearing trail runners is rather small.

Hiking Shoes


The North Face Ultra 109 GTX
Because trail runners have their limits, hiking shoes have now become one of the most popular categories of on-trail footwear for those who cherish the lightweight and freedom of a shoe but desire the additional structure and support of a hiking boot. Hiking shoes are low-cut, usually exposing the ankle, so they too have their limitations on how much weight they should carry. While not meant for river crossings, most have a waterproof/breathable membrane or at least come in a version with one.

Day hiking with a light pack is the target use for hiking shoes.
Day hiking with a light pack is the target use for hiking shoes.

Shoe vs. Boot


A common question for beginner hikers is: Should I choose a low-cut shoe or mid-height boot? A pair of hiking boots often weighs several ounces to a pound more than shoes, but the weight is one of several considerations. The conditions, distances to cover and personal ankle and foot strength are all important factors. Boots provide more protection from mud, snow, and water, and they are a necessity for rough terrain with heavy loads. Hiking boots are also warmer than a low-cut shoe.

Hikers with ankle issues know that ankle stability is the primary reason to choose a boot over a shoe. Mid-cut boots stabilize and support the ankle in rough terrain or when carrying a backpack the way no low-cut shoe can.

Best Uses for Hiking Shoes


"Hiking" covers a whole range of fun-on-your-feet adventures, including day hikes requiring minimum essentials. These could be strolls on maintained trails or many miles covered at speed in rough terrain and everything in between. Hiking also encompasses short backpacking trips with light or medium loads or long fastpacking trips where paring down the weight becomes a priority.

If you carry a light pack or none at all, or if you've built strong ankles and good agility with miles of hiking, these low-cut shoes are for you. Enjoy the lightness, comfort, and agility that defines them.

A Note on Pack Weight

We often refer to light, medium, and heavy loads for hiking and backpacking. Light refers to everything up to 20 lbs. This covers day hikers and some of the ultralight backpacker and thru-hiker folks. By medium loads, we mean 20-35 lbs. It's a noticeable amount of weight to carry, and footwear offering foot support is important. Anything more than 35 pounds is heavy. Most folks want boots for these loads.

Day hiking


Day hiking is simple. You carry nothing more than the essentials you need for the trail you've selected, and you go out and hike. As long as you make it back by dark, you've just gone day hiking. Since you need to carry little besides a small daypack with food, water, sunscreen and a map, you can get away with much lighter footwear. Every shoe that we have featured in this review is appropriate for day hiking use, although a few models that don't have a waterproof liner may not be as great in the Pacific Northwest or other wet regions. A shoe like the Sky Toa, a lightweight but supportive shoe, is a great choice for day hikers.

The Redmond didn't light up the scoreboard with its performance overall but is still capable of a few miles of easy hiking with a water bottle and camera in a daypack.
The Redmond didn't light up the scoreboard with its performance overall but is still capable of a few miles of easy hiking with a water bottle and camera in a daypack.

Fast Hiking


Fast hiking, or fastpacking as it is increasingly becoming known, is just that: tackling a trail in a section or its entirety in a faster than average pace. The goal is putting down as many miles as possible each day, and limiting pack weight in order to achieve this. While this is more of a speed walking effort than a running event, a brisk walking pace often leads to jogging on the flats and having a nimble and light shoe that allows for this kind of movement is required.

The foot support offered by hiking shoes is a better choice for most than the lightweight cushioning offered by trail runners. The aggressive and stiff-soled Salomon X Ultra 3 GTX became our go-to shoe for fast hiking that covers a lot of off-trail terrain in dry, wet and loose sediment. The Safien GTX fit the ticket for mostly good trail where the urge to run takes over.

Zipping around on moderate trails is way more fun with lightweight shoes like the Safien GTX on your feet.
Zipping around on moderate trails is way more fun with lightweight shoes like the Safien GTX on your feet.

Backpacking with Light or Medium Loads


Hiking shoes are perfect for carrying medium and lighter packs on maintained trails. Hikers that occasionally head out backpacking for a few nights pack light and the support and durability offered by a low-cut model is a perfect choice. Experienced backpackers with strong ankles cruise through rough terrain in shoes designed for hiking as well and find medium pack weights reasonable with the support provided. The North Face Ultra 110 GTX, our Editors' Choice winner, is an excellent shoe for multi-day backpacking trips.

The North Face Ultras are a favorite model for backpacking trips. It remains comfortable under a medium load and gives plenty of support.
The North Face Ultras are a favorite model for backpacking trips. It remains comfortable under a medium load and gives plenty of support.

Thru-hiking


If you take a trip on the Pacific Crest or Appalachian Trail, you'll likely see most thru-hikers wearing trail running shoes, followed by hiking shoes second. Thru-hikers (those who are hiking extreme distances) place a premium on weight and comfort when choosing a shoe vs. boot. When weight wins, trail runners are the first choice. But some still opt for more foot support and durability than trail runners offer. The robust Keen Targhee II was a time-tested and popular shoe for thru-hiking and long trips with light loads, with a stiff sole with excellent support and a full leather upper that can take a beating. That said, lighter shoes are trending these days.

Hikers embarking on these trips tend to be experienced with solid stamina and strength build-up in their feet and ankles.

Where Do Your Preferences Lie?


So you've decided a low-cut hiking shoe meets your needs best. Which one should you purchase? Because these products fit into a niche between hiking boots and trail running shoes, they can be divided into two groups that resemble one or the other. Several models we reviewed have mid-cut versions which resemble hiking boots, yet the low-cut versions are often closer to trail runners.

First, we have models that resemble hiking boots. Some of the shoes we tested are designed and constructed similarly to hiking boots. As we described above, boots have a substantial midsole and a full-length shank, which support the foot under loads and provide torsional stability. These shoes are made for hiking without the expectation of picking up the pace and running flat or downhill sections. With the exception of the Columbia Redmond, each of these models has a substantial shank between the midsole and outsole.

Some strictly hikers (clockwise from the top left): Merrell Moab 2  Keen Targhee II  Asolo Agent GV  Columbia Redmond
Some strictly hikers (clockwise from the top left): Merrell Moab 2, Keen Targhee II, Asolo Agent GV, Columbia Redmond

The Targhee II provides the most foot support and feels the most similar to a hiking boot's strong support. The Moab 2 is close behind and features sufficient traction for a variety of surfaces, but doesn't excel in support and stability under medium loads.

The Targhee II is trail-ready out of the box for all kinds of terrain.
The Targhee II is trail-ready out of the box for all kinds of terrain.

Second, we have models that resemble a trail running shoe. The fit, amount of heel lift above the forefoot, and sole are most similar to traditional trail runners. Folks who come from a running background find these shoes' fit and feel familiar. These shoes are lightweight in general. The categories we use for footwear take a continuum of features, weight, and performance into consideration, but there is an overlap between these types.

Some hiking runners. Back row (from the left): X Ultra 2 GTX  Synthesis Mid GTX  Terrex Swift R GTX. Front row: Juxt  Ultra 109 GTX  Tor Summit.
Some hiking runners. Back row (from the left): X Ultra 2 GTX, Synthesis Mid GTX, Terrex Swift R GTX. Front row: Juxt, Ultra 109 GTX, Tor Summit.

The North Face Ultra took home our Editors' Choice Award. It handles both hiking in rough terrain and running. Lightweight, breathable, and all leather, the non-waterproof Vasque Juxt is a great option for moving fast in the desert or any other dry climate. The Adidas Terrex Swift R2 GTX is super athletic and lightweight, but doesn't offer tons of comfort. The Sky Toa is thick and bulky, but its comfortable sole and shock absorbing superiority over the others allow it to take off in flat and descending sections.

The super thick midsole of the Sky Toa absorbs sharp desert rocks on this hike near Death Valley NP.
The super thick midsole of the Sky Toa absorbs sharp desert rocks on this hike near Death Valley NP.

Support and Weight


How much support you need depends on how many miles you hike, how smooth or rough the terrain is, and how much weight you are carrying. The further your adventures take you, the more you'll benefit from a shoe with more support and torsional stability over rough trails or off-trail terrain. Stiffer, more supportive shoes also reduce foot fatigue when carrying a pack, and the more you carry, the more support your foot needs.

Light is right when hiking lots of miles. Modern materials and construction techniques have worked wonders in footwear design, and today's best shoes for hiking deliver support, comfort, and performance at low weights compared to a few years ago. When we reviewed this type of shoe in 2015, the lightest was 2.1 lbs. In 2019, the lightest model reviewed weighs 1.7 pounds. These shoes are dropping ounces as a trend. Our advice is to choose the lightest footwear that meets your needs for support and expectations of durability.

Waterproof Membrane or No?


We are all aiming to keep our feet as dry as possible when hiking. Dry feet are cooler when it's hot out, and warmer when it's cold. Wet skin is also a major cause of blisters, which ruin a trip. Waterproof breathable membranes keep your feet from getting soaked while hiking through shallow puddles, small streams, mud, and heavy dew. Keep in mind that non-waterproof shoes are far more breathable than their waterproof membrane counterparts. Many hikers have relayed to us the disadvantage of waterproof membranes when hiking in hot weather. If you mostly hike on dry trails or in hot weather, choose a shoe available without a membrane and enjoy the better breathability. Waterproof membranes do add warmth to a shoe, and provide performance for cold weather hiking.

The waterproof test with the Moab 2 from Merrell. Depending on the climate you live and hike in  a waterproof liner may or may not be what you need.
The waterproof test with the Moab 2 from Merrell. Depending on the climate you live and hike in, a waterproof liner may or may not be what you need.

Fitting and Finding Your Size


The comfort and performance of footwear are largely determined by how well the shoes fit your feet. Once you've narrowed down your search, trying on many pairs of similar shoes to find the model and size that best fits your foot is ideal. Some manufacturers' products are known to fit low volume or narrow feet best. La Sportiva has this reputation. Others tend to fit wide feet well, and some manufacturers offer their shoes with width options.

If you have the opportunity, visit a local retailer and try shoes on in person. More than one person has ended up with the wrong size shoe by arriving with a pair of socks that are thinner than the ones they plan on hiking with, leading to a pair of shoes that are too tight with heavier socks. Another tip is to show up for a fitting in the evening, after you have been standing on your feet all day, when they are the most swollen. Try shoes on in the morning and you might end up in pair that are too tight as well.

If the majority of your hiking happens in cool weather, start your fitting with a moderately thick wool sock. On the other hand, if warm or hot weather is more frequent where you hike, begin with a thin synthetic sock.

Finding a well-fitting shoe for your particular foot is even more important for hiking shoes than boots. A boot's higher ankle collars provide more lacing adjustment that is used to hold the foot in place in the footbed. A narrow foot in a wide shoe is more difficult to secure than in a wide boot. If you are new to shoes for the outdoors, a 1/2 or full size larger than casual shoes is a good place to start. The Brannock device, which gives both a length and width measurement of your foot when used by an experienced shoe fitter, provides valuable measurements to speed upsizing.

You want to make sure that the shoe and size you choose secure your foot well so that there is no sliding of the heel up and down in the shoe. To avoid blisters, the tips of your toes should never touch the front of your shoe. Loosen the laces of the shoe, slide your foot all the way to the front. There should be about ½ inch of space, or your pinky finger width, behind your heel. When lacing the shoe up, slide your heel into the back of the shoe, and lace it up with even tension across your forefoot. Take a lap around the store, walk on some stairs or that fancy ramp some stores have and note the feel and how well your heel stays put in the back of the shoe.

As the final decision looms, many folks find themselves torn between two sizes. Our feet swell a little bit when we're out hiking, more so on long days. A thicker sock or substantial insole makes a slightly too big shoe fit well. But a shoe that is too small is too small. Pick the larger size if you're torn between two. Synthetic materials do not stretch as much as natural ones, so while a leather boot might soften and give the toe box a bit of room over time, most modern footwear will not.

Fit has great influence on determining which shoe is right for your feet.
Fit has great influence on determining which shoe is right for your feet.

Fine Tuning the Fit


A little fine tuning does wonders to achieve the perfect fit. Using a little thicker sock helps folks with low volume feet get a snug fit without having to over-tighten the laces. If you're fitting a shoe you quite like, but have a little bit of heel slip, try a bit thicker sock. Or try a thinner sock with a half-size smaller. Compare one combo on your right and one on your left as you walk around.

Shoes that have a traditional eyelet, or two close together, at the top of the lacing system provide you with the flexibility to experiment with lacing. With these traditional, through-the-shoe's upper eyelets, you can pass the lace through either from the inside or outside of the upper. Passing the lace from the outside to the inside of the upper snugs the ankle cuff a bit tighter. Two upper eyes allow you to use one or both.

Lots of hikers replace the stock insole, either from the start or as it begins to wear out, which is often long before the shoe itself is ready for retirement. Thicker or thinner insoles (don't be afraid to mix and match from your current shoes) help you adjust the fit of a shoe.

Snowshoeing in the Moab 2's. We hope this review helps you find the perfect hiker for your feet so you can get out there and enjoy the peace and astounding beauty found in the outdoors.
Snowshoeing in the Moab 2's. We hope this review helps you find the perfect hiker for your feet so you can get out there and enjoy the peace and astounding beauty found in the outdoors.


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