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How to Choose Hiking Socks

How to Choose Hiking Socks
Credit: Amber King
By Amber King ⋅ Senior Review Editor
Monday August 8, 2022

As you dream of trekking to azure alpine lakes or through the ragged and gnarly terrain of remote deserts, consider the items required to make your trip flawless. Along with other essentials, you should consider a pair (or two) of sturdy hiking socks. Finding the perfect pair may prove to be difficult, especially with such a saturated market. In this article, we will help you identify the best hiking socks to match your needs.

hiking socks - adventuring in british columbia during early spring lead us to high...
Adventuring in British Columbia during early Spring lead us to high places complete with spotting a black wolf, glissading down snowfields and getting caught in a lightning storm. These uber adventures need an uber awesome hiking sock that help get you there safely and soundly.
Credit: Amber King

Types of Socks

There are many different types of socks on the market, which have different anatomy and differences in construction. Take a look below to see what kind of socks you might encounter on the quest to find the best sock for you. Determine what you are looking for, then read on to learn about the different components for a great hiking sock.

Running Socks: These are usually constructed of materials like cotton, synthetics, or wool-blends to enhance breathability and wicking power. Lengths vary, and they range from light to mid-weight. Best for trail running and road running.

Related: Best Running Socks of 2023

Skiing & Mountaineering: Constructed of wool and synthetic materials with a longer length to accommodate a tall ski or mountaineering boot. These socks typically are much warmer and breath well, ranging from lightweight to heavyweight. Best for alpine activities including ice climbing, mountaineering, and skiing.

Related: Best Ski Socks of 2023

Hiking Socks: Constructed of wool and synthetic materials with varying lengths and weights. Most hiking socks accommodate the use of both hiking boots and hiking shoes, though some only are constructed for use with hiking shoes. These vary in lengths and range from lightweight to heavyweight depending on what you are looking for. Best for day hiking, fastpacking, long-distance trail running, and backpacking.

hiking socks - hiking, running, backpacking. a great option for any adventure.
Hiking, running, backpacking. A great option for any adventure.
Credit: Edward Kemper

General Use Socks: These are the typically socks you'd see in bulk sold at a grocery or department store. They are typically constructed with a cotton material that is great for everyday use but does not perform well in cold or wet weather. Best for everyday wear to work or school, and their price can't be beat.

Liners: These synthetic socks (constructed of thin polyester material) are used to enhance wicking ability for thicker socks or to avoid the potential for blisters. Liners are a great option to wear with a pair of compatible mountaineering or hiking socks. Buy a pair if you are susceptible to blisters and see if they make the difference!

What to Consider in a Great Hiking Sock!

So you've determined that a hiking sock is in the cards. It's important to know what considerations to make when purchasing a hiking sock. First, determine what you're using your sock for and the type of conditions you are going to put it through. For example, you're going to choose for a heavier weight fabric if you're going to tackle a massive thru-trails like the Pacific Crest Trail as opposed to a lightweight fabric designed for day hiking. In this section, we discuss key sock features that are important for the construction of any great hiking sock. Specifically, we explore the pros and cons of common fabrics and different weights that you might find in the stores and online.

hiking socks - we quickly take a picture after hitting the pass up the weehawken...
We quickly take a picture after hitting the pass up the Weehawken Trail in the San Juan Mountains. The REI Lightweight Hiker proves to be protective, comfortable, and all we needed for this grand adventure traversing scree fields and sliding down snow slopes.
Credit: Edward Kemper


The material of a sock is the key to its breathability, warmth, and affinity to keep you dry when it's cold and wet outside. You want to look for a sock made of a wool (i.e., merino wool) or a synthetic polymer (i.e., polypropylene, acrylic, polyester). These materials have properties that use water as an insulator to keep your feet warm (even if it's cold outside).

In your search, avoid cotton or cotton blends. While cotton is a fine option for hot weather, it does not insulate when wet. Even though it dries faster than wool on a warm day, it will keep your feet cold and clammy in cold weather. This could lead to potentially life-threatening situations…as per the popular phrase "Cotton Kills." That said, make sure you're buying synthetic or wool materials. Finding a sock with stretch materials like spandex, lycra, or nylon component will enhance breathability and provide a better fit overall.

When shopping, check out the percentages of the fabrics that are involved in the construction of your hiking sock. This will give you an idea of the range of thermoregulation and how quickly it might dry, or how well it may wick away moisture.

The two biggest categories of fabrics include Merino Wool and Synthetics (a form of polyester). Some of the best socks feature a blend of the two with a higher concentration of wool.

hiking socks - the darn tough cushion works well with both a hiking shoe and boot...
The Darn Tough Cushion works well with both a hiking shoe and boot, offering plush comfort. It features a merino wool blend that integrates a higher proportion of merino wool for fantastic moisture control.
Credit: Amber King

Merino Wool

With a wide range of thermoregulation, this material provides outstanding comfort and close-to-the-skin comfort. Merino Wool is unlike regular wool because it does not itch and it is much more durable. Also, it insulates when wet, providing better warmth than synthetic options after a sweaty day or after spending the day in the rain or snow. The fibers do a great job at wicking away moisture and the material, in general, does not get as stinky as synthetic fabrics. If you seek a sock that is super warm with the best performance, seek a sock primarily made of Merino Wool. For example — the Darn Tough Hiker Full Cushion, our Editor's Choice or the REI Co-op Lightweight Merino Crew, with a 79% merino wool make-up.

Modern Merino wool comes from merino sheep that bode primarily from New Zealand and Australia. Regular wool can feel heavy and itchy on the skin. Merino, on the other hand, is comfortable, light, and soft.

Synthetic Materials

Polyester and Polypropylene are the two main synthetic fabrics you'll encounter in the sock market. This synthetic fiber is more durable than Merino Wool and dries quicker in the field. That said, synthetic fabrics are not as warm as Merino wool and tend to lose both insulation and wicking capabilities at very low temperatures. Therefore, they don't insulate as well in colder weather. If choosing a cold-weather sock, look at Merino wool options. However, if you need something for warmer weather or hiking in the Fall or Spring, a synthetic sock should do. Synthetic options tend to be less expensive with better longevity overall. We found this to be true in our testing when looking at the performance of the Wigwam Hiking Outdoor Pro — our favorite synthetic sock in this review.

hiking socks - a look at the woven fabric fibers that allow ample airflow...
A look at the woven fabric fibers that allow ample airflow throughout the length of the sock. The Wigwam offers great breathability and wicking power because of these loops in the fabric that can grab moisture and move it away from the skin.
Credit: Amber King

Blend Materials

When looking at a sock's materials, you might find other fabrics like Nylon, Elastane, Acrylic, Spandex, and more. These materials are synthetic materials built to increase durability and wicking power. The Merino wool provides warmth, the Polyamide provides durability, while the spandex provides shape to the sock. Below is a quick run-down of the benefits of each blend material and its benefits.

Nylon: Increases wicking capabilities
Elastane & Spandex: Provides an elasticity that provides a better fit.

Acrylic: This synthetic fiber does not absorb moisture similar to certain wools. Therefore, companies will incorporate these materials to reduce the bulk of a primary material (like wool), which still retains its ability to wick away moisture and reduce absorbency.

hiking socks - we hike to the top of bridge of heaven (at 12,000 feet) in ouray...
We hike to the top of Bridge of Heaven (at 12,000 feet) in Ouray Colorado in 90-degree weather. The Wright Coolmesh II sock proves to be the most breathable and a perfect option for this day hike/trail run.
Credit: Edward Kemper

Material Weight

Hiking socks are divided into four different categories based on sock thickness. Each weight provides a different function or niche in the exercise game. Take a look at the different options below. We outline some key properties of each type of sock.


  • Conditions: Hot to warm weather
  • Trip Length: Day hikes or a few hours out on the trail
  • Best Uses: Fastpacking, hot summer weather, day hiking, running, technical alpine climbs
  • Description: An ultra-lightweight sock is perfect for running and hiking in hot to warm weather. It prioritizes breathability and minimal padding, so it is much thinner than other sock weights.


  • Conditions: Warm to cool weather
  • Trip Length: Day Hikes
  • Best Uses: Hiking, backpacking, running, biking, general outdoor recreational uses
  • Description: This weight is specific to warmer conditions and higher intensity activities. A sock such as the Darn Tough Light Hiker Micro Crew is our favorite durable, lightweight hiker that prioritizes wicking and breathability through its thinner materials and breathable panels. Perfect for hiking, backpacking, or running in cool to warm weather. Not suited for use while hiking in the coldest months of winter.

hiking socks - lighter socks are perfect for warm days on the trail. its thinner...
Lighter socks are perfect for warm days on the trail. Its thinner design, coupled with many breathable panels on the top of the foot, keeps our feet dry and comfortable.
Credit: Amber King


  • Conditions: Warm to cold weather
  • Trip Length: Short to long days, multi-day excursions
  • Best Uses: Hiking and backpacking, versatile for most weather and uses
  • Description: Features more cushioning along the heel and forefoot for longer days on the trail. Also, they are thicker to insulate in cool to cold weather. This is by far the most versatile sock category and a good choice if you're looking for an all-around use hiking sock. For example — the Farm to Feet Damascus sock is a midweight option perfect for everything from day hikes to long thru trails.

hiking socks - this mid-calf length sock is comfortable and fit for any adventure...
This mid-calf length sock is comfortable and fit for any adventure. Its midweight merino-wool blend is perfect for taking on the wet climates of Iceland! A perfect option for those seeking a hiker that can take on all types of weather conditions.
Credit: Amber King


  • Conditions: Cold weather
  • Trip Length: Day to several days on the trail.
  • Best Uses: Winter or Cold-weather Sports
  • Description: A heavy-weight sock has heavy padding in the forefoot and heel to prioritize warmth and comfort. It also uses lots of material throughout the length of the sock. This weight is typically less breathable and doesn't wick as well as lighter socks. A liner is recommended for use if you are prone to blisters. This type of sock is perfect for colder weather or if you plan to tackle a thru-trail that requires hiking day after day for a week or more on end.

Sock Features

In this section, we take a look at some other key features to consider when purchasing a hiking sock, like how high they come up the leg, strategically-placed panels for compression and breathability, seam placement, and gender-specific fit.

Sock Length

Socks come in all different lengths and sizes, intended for different purposes. Taller socks are more compatible with hiking boots and provide more overall warmth and protection. These are best used if you plan on hiking in cooler conditions or using a hiking boot. If you know you'll be bushwacking or hiking in tall grasses, we recommend a taller sock.

Shorter socks are best if you prefer to use a pair of hiking shoes and prefer enhanced leg breathability. Shorter socks don't offer as much protection and are not compatible with most hiking boots. Due to less coverage, they also keep your legs cooler.

hiking socks - both the female (upper) and male (lower) darn tough light hiker...
Both the female (upper) and male (lower) Darn Tough Light Hiker socks are built for warmer conditions. We can see the breathable panels and the compression band around the arch of the foot that aids to provide a more specific fit, and thus, better wicking power.
Credit: Amber King

Compression Panelling

Socks that offer compression paneling around the arch and heel typically provide a better fit that does not slip. The compression also helps to reduce the use of bulky materials for a thinner and more streamlined sock that won't bunch or cause discomfort.

Breathability Panels

Look for a sock that uses panels to enhance the breathability of the sock. Most socks will advertise this and can be seen around the arch of the foot, where you might sweat the most. If you are in cold conditions, this is important to transport sweat away from the foot, so it doesn't keep your feet cold when you slow down. This is also important in hot weather to keep your feet dry and cool on the move.

hiking socks - here we see the internal make-up of the smartwool phd pro sock. the...
Here we see the internal make-up of the Smartwool PhD Pro sock. The anatomy is thoughtful, integrating breathable panels in the upper portion of the foot and through the leg for ample breathability. Look for this if you need a sock that will perform well in summer.
Credit: Amber King

Seamless Design

Most hiking socks offer a seamless design which is a flat stitch that will not bunch or chafe. In addition, the seam should sit on top of the foot, not at the tips of the toes. While most hiking socks have this feature, but sure to double-check.


Be sure to order socks in the correct size using the associated company's sizing chart. When trying them on, be sure to pay attention to the fit specifically in the heel and toe. The heel should sit in the correct place, with little to no material at the toes. If there is additional material, this could bunch, causing chafing and blister issues. If the sock, on the other hand, is too short, you'll find yourself reaching down to pull it up while on the move.

If you order your socks online, order a couple of different pairs if you are unsure about the fit. Then send back the ones that don't work for you.

Gender Specific Designs

Is there a difference in a hiking sock specific to gender? The quick answer is yes, but the differences are small at best. We all note the immediate differences, which are color. While these differences are apparent, less noticeable differences comes in the construction of the sock. Women's socks are constructed with a narrow profile throughout the forefoot and heel, while men's socks feature a wider profile. If you are a woman with a wide foot, a men's sock might be best. Or, if you are a man with a narrow heel, you might find a women's sock to provide a better fit. Many socks on the market are unisex and typically work for both sexes.

Lifetime Guarantee

When purchasing a sock, consider the type of guarantee it comes with. For example, Darn Tough and Farm to Feet have lifetime guarantees. That means that if you wear a hole through the material at any point in the lifetime of the sock, you can send them back for a brand new pair. This guarantee is worth investing a higher upfront cost as you can (in theory) buy just one pair for life.

hiking socks - getting a durable sock is of utmost importance when you're drilling...
Getting a durable sock is of utmost importance when you're drilling dirt and grim into its fibers. Look for a sock with a tightly woven fabric and a lifetime guarantee. This criteria makes for a high value sock!
Credit: Amber King

Toe Socks vs. Regular Socks

A toe sock looks like a foot instead of the traditional sock design. While there are some pros, there are some cons when looking at this design. Some people love them, while others hate them.

Pros - Claimed by Injinji
  • Better posture and balance
  • Blister and hotspot prevention
  • Proper toe alignment
  • Only sock possible to wear with Vibram FiveFingers shoes

Cons - As tested by us
  • Warmth is lost between toes
  • Spaces between toes are not breathable

So, if you're looking for a new sock that may provide you with some of these benefits, despite the cons, a toe sock like the Injinji Outdoor Midweight Crew NuWool may be worth trying out.

hiking socks - many folks prefer toe socks to regular socks. they are said to help...
Many folks prefer toe socks to regular socks. They are said to help with balance, toe splay, and blister prevention.
Credit: Amber King

Sock Care and Maintenance Tips

Even though socks like the Darn Tough socks come with a lifetime guarantee, it's important to check the maintenance instructions for your socks. Fabrics like merino wool and polypropylene require specific care that may be more complicated than just machine wash. So before you throw your socks into the washer or dryer, check the care instructions to ensure the performance and vitality of your hiking sock.

Most of the socks tested in this review require a warm machine wash with a low tumble dry setting. Make sure to turn the sock inside out to get the nitty-gritty out.

hiking socks - getting dinner ready after sea kayaking and hiking around the beach...
Getting dinner ready after sea kayaking and hiking around the beach in Northern British Columbia. These colder, humid environments provide a great environment to test all aspects of our hiking sock selection.
Credit: Amber King


Now that you are thoroughly educated in the art of sock selection, take a moment to determine where you will be hiking, what environmental conditions you will face, and which hiking sock is the best for you. Then you'll be on your way to finding the perfect hiking sock for your future adventures.

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