Trekking poles have risen from obscurity and are now a key piece of gear for hikers, backpackers, trail runners, trekkers, and climbers. They allow you to incorporate your upper body into uphill travel and help absorb shock on your knees while descending. The more weight on your back, the more trekking poles become life-savers. Some studies have shown that using poles can reduce impact force by up to 40% on your knees, especially on long downhills. No matter your age, using poles while hiking will save energy and reduce knee pain. They also help with balance during tricky creek and log crossings.
If you are wondering "Why do I need trekking poles for hiking?", then check out our 10 Reasons For Trekking Poles article as well as The Best Trekking Poles review where we rate 10 different option head-to-head in a series of real-world comparisons. We looked at a variety of factors in each pole, including weight, durability, comfort, and more.
Trekking poles come in one of three designs: three-section telescoping, folding, and combination versions. Most modern options come in three sections, and the design configuration mostly refers to how a pole lengthens the three sections into a strong extended pole. In general, telescoping poles are very strong and adjustable, folding poles are light and collapse smaller, and combination poles allow for a mix of attributes. Each style offers distinct advantages and disadvantages.
Three Section Telescoping
Three-section telescoping poles are the most common design on the market. They are the most durable type of pole, and also allow a wide range of length adjustment. They can be strapped to a backpack or put into an averaged sized suitcase fairly easily and can be taken apart into three sections for even smaller packed size. They are also what most people buy for hiking, trekking, and backpacking due to their durability.
Folding poles are relatively new to the trekking pole market. They are the lightest and most compact models out there, but they aren't nearly as durable as most three-section telescoping poles. They are durable enough for most climbers and hikers wearing lighter backpacks and are perfect for runners. For climbers, they are especially nice because they can disappear into a backpack during an alpine climb. In general, folding poles are significantly lighter and more compact than three-section telescoping poles. Several of the folding style poles don't feature removable baskets, and they lack the option to adjust the poles extended length.
Many new folding style poles also feature one section of telescoping pole so that it is possible to adjust the pole length, though not as much as a three-section telescoping pole. We found this to be a great addition to the folding style pole as it allows it to be more versatile. If you don't mind the extra few ounces, these poles take the best aspects of each style.
Aluminum and carbon fiber are the two most common materials used in trekking pole shafts.
Carbon is a light and stiff material used in products that need to support a lot of weight, but also need to be light. Carbon fiber poles are extremely strong when loaded vertically, and are the lightest pole options on the market. However, they are weak when bent horizontally. They also can chip or crack easily on rocks, which makes them more likely to snap. Carbon fiber poles are best for light to moderate duty use where weight is the most important consideration, like ultralight backpacking, climbing, and running. Be prepared to pay more for carbon fiber poles.
Aluminum poles are heavier than carbon fiber poles, but they are much more durable. Aluminum poles also tend to be cheaper than carbon fiber poles. Aluminum bends without snapping, which can be a lifesaver on long trips where breaking a pole would be a major problem. These poles are best for long-distance trekking, trips where durability is the primary concern, and for hikers on a budget.
Pole Adjustment Mechanism
All of the adjustable poles in our review use a lever lock adjustment system. This system has replaced the old twist-lock system used extensively in the past. If you are new to the lever lock system, you will be impressed by the ease of use and secure locking that this system provides.
Different activities require different size pole baskets. Some poles come with fixed baskets, while others have the option to use interchangeable baskets. Larger baskets are better for snowshoeing, mountaineering, and skiing or snowboarding, but get hung up on roots and bushes if you're hiking through the woods in the summer. Smaller baskets are better for dry hiking on dirt, gravel, and rocky trails. Many options come with a small basket for the summer and a large basket for snowy conditions.
Pole weight is more nuanced than it sounds. Many people are drawn to the lightest poles on the market for their pleasant swing weight and ability to disappear into a pack when they aren't being used. However, lighter poles tend to be less durable than heavier poles, either because they are made with more fragile carbon fiber material, or because they have a thinner construction. Lighter poles also tend to be more expensive, but not always. The good thing is that there is not much difference between the lightest poles and the heaviest poles, compared to other backpacking equipment like tents and sleeping bags.
Grip Ergonomics and Material
Each pole manufacturer seems to have a different grip design, meaning that some contour to the muscles of the hand better than others. The more expensive options seemed to have better grip ergonomics, but we found that they were worth the cost. Over a long trip, hand comfort goes a long way.
Pole grips are made out of foam, cork, or rubber. Overall, cork grips are a favorite because they mold to the shape of your hands over time. They are also smooth against the skin and keep cool during warm hikes. The downside to cork grips is that they don't absorb sweat very well and can feel slippery during long trips. Foam is more comfortable than rubber, absorbs sweat very well, and is the lightest grip material. As such, it is used on the lightest poles that are designed for fast hiking and running. Rubber grips don't absorb any water, can chafe bare skin, and are the heaviest option, but they do insulate better than cork or foam. This makes rubber a great grip material for poles used in mountaineering, snowshoeing, skiing, or other winter sports.
Packability is more important to some users than to others. If you are going to be using your poles for every mile of your trip, and you won't be packing your poles in airplane luggage, then packability is not very important. Climbers, mountaineers, and backpackers who might encounter technical terrain need the ability to carry their poles on or inside of their pack. For these users, or for anyone trying to take up less space in luggage, poles that collapse to a shorter length are better.
Poles are employed in a variety of activities, including hiking, trekking, backpacking, approaching technical climbing and mountaineering objectives, trail running, and even skiing and snowshoeing. Some poles are purpose-built for a very specific activity, and others are capable of performing well across the board. All of the poles in our review can be used for light hiking, heavy backpacking, and trail running. Some are better at one activity or another, but they can all be used in a variety of situations.
Truly versatile poles won't be the lightest carbon models for running ultra marathons, and they won't be as strong as the heavy-duty workhorses designed for rugged travel to places like Everest Base Camp. However, most aluminum poles with solid lever locks, three-section designs, and relatively small packed weights will be versatile enough for most trail uses. Unless you plan on carrying a heavy backpack in rugged off-trail travel conditions, we'd recommend opting for a lighter option with a small packed size. Even the lightest poles in our review will be durable enough for most uses, and the weight savings are noticeable with each step.
In general, the foldable poles are better for climbing, mountaineering, and splitboarding, where they need to disappear onto a pack for much of the day. The lightest poles are great for running and ultralight backpacking but lack the strength needed for heavier impact activities like long-distance backpacking and snowshoeing. Additionally, more adjustable poles and those with exchangeable baskets can be used for a wider variety of activities.