Best Overall Barefoot Shoe
Merrell Vapor Glove 4
5.4 oz | Stack Height:
Comfortable fit with freedom of movement
Potential durability issues of thin outsole
Inconsistent grip depending on trail conditions
Intended for those already used to barefoot shoes
For those seeking the thrill of running barefoot from the comfort of a protective trainer, see the Merrell Vapor Glove 4. You may notice that we do not have a separate Best Buy Award because the Vapor Glove 4 also represents the best value of any pair we tested. This shoe delivers superior barefoot accuracy and ground-feel, performing well on both roads and trails. With only 6.5mm of material between your feet and the ground, the Vapor Glove epitomizes the values of minimalist design: zero-drop, no midsole cushioning, super-thin outsole, unparalleled flexibility, a Cordura-mesh upper that combines breathability and durability, and an ultralight build that tips the scales at just under 11 ounces per pair.
Despite it carrying the mark of Merrell's "Barefoot 2" design, this is a well-balanced barefoot shoe that does not sport many extras. The Vapor Glove 4 excels as a road trainer, with an efficiently lugged sole that helps it glide over the pavement. While the low-profile design of this shoe might pinpoint it as a road flat, we believe its intense ground-feel will also appeal to more hardcore, barefoot trail-runners. A tight-fitting heel pocket and wide toe box offer a snug fit without reducing mobility, and create a stable platform equally suited to weight lifting. The Vapor Glove 4 is truly a versatile, barefoot shoe with top-of-its-class value.
Read review: Merrell Vapor Glove 4
Best for Road Running
Xero Shoes Prio
9.7 oz | Stack Height:
On the heavy side
Not a very slim profile
The Xero Prio wins our Top Pick Award for Road Running. This shoe scored consistently well across the board, making it a great option for those looking for a consistent, flat-platformed road runner. As the first foray into shoes for a manufacturer known for sandals, the Prio hits the mark for quality and barefoot-running performance. With adjustable wrap-around straps, a reflective band, and an optional removable insole, this shoe includes a number of thoughtful extras that do not detract from its overall barefoot accuracy.
While this is the heaviest shoe in this review — tipping the scales at 18.6 ounces per pair — it is still impressively lightweight compared to many other trainers on the market. The bulk of the Prio may be off-putting to some barefoot-enthusiasts, but we believe the few points it loses in terms of running performance are made up with regard to versatility and durability. For those just making the switch to minimalist footwear, the extra comforts afforded by this shoe will make that transition a little easier. Wear this shoe while running roads, in the gym, and around town, knowing that you chose a minimalist shoe with maximum value.
Read review: Xero Shoes Prio
Best for Trail Running
Vibram V-Trail 2.0
6.9 oz | Stack Height:
Comfortable in rough terrain
Thick outsole decreases foot sensitivity
Heavy-duty upper is less breathable
Based on the innovative FiveFingers platform that helped launch the barefoot-running movement, the V-Trail 2.0 adds to the success of Vibram's minimalist designs by introducing a quality trail runner. Asserting the definitive qualities of an adventure racing shoe, this model earns our Top Pick for Trail Running. Striking a nice balance between minimalism and brawn, the V-Trail 2.0 is lightweight, durable, and stable moving through uneven terrain. We had a blast setting out at speed onto our favorite alpine trails, knowing that our feet were protected from rocks and roots. The fully-wrapped upper also did an impressive job of keeping our feet dry, even through multiple creek crossings.
As a trade-off for comfort and confidence, this shoe loses some points in terms of ground-feel. While the shoe has a small, 3.7 mm stack height, it does incorporate 2 mm of EVA foam in a non-removable insole. Where we mainly found problems with regards to barefoot accuracy was in the dexterity of the toes. The relatively thick rubber outsole continues to wrap up the front of each individual toe, restricting flexibility and diminishing proprioception. Despite its few pitfalls, we thoroughly enjoyed trail running in the V-Trail 2.0, and would suggest it to the adventurous barefoot-runner looking for ultimate trail protection.
Read review: Vibram V-Trail 2.0
Best Entry-Level Minimalist Shoe
New Balance Minimus Trail 10v1
7.2 oz | Stack Height:
15 mm / 11 mm
Versatile on trails and road
Exceptional lightweight performance
Decreased proprioception due to stiff midsole
Heavier than other similar shoes
If you are just looking to dip your toes into the world of minimalist running, or are a hardened competitor wanting to cut down on some of the bulk of your current trail runner, the Minimus Trail 10v1 is a shoe that offers serious potential across the board. With a higher stack height than almost all of the other shoes in this review, a slight 4mm drop, and a midsole, this shoe offers a much more moderate transition between a more conventional trainer and a true barefoot running shoe. The Minimus 10v1 is a predominant shoe among the trail crowd, and we are very pleased that New Balance is continuing stick to the beloved design.
Designed for the trail — but with a lug pattern that ironically offers better traction on the road — the Minimus 10v1 is a versatile shoe that gracefully transitions between the two disciplines. The ACTEVA foam used in the midsole is incredibly stiff, offering more protection underfoot than cushion when running. If you are hoping for the outstanding proprioception offered by some barefoot shoes, then this is not the shoe for you. But if you are looking for the combination of featherweight striding and uncompromising durability, look no further than the Minimus Trail 10v1.
Read review: New Balance Minimus Trail 10v1
Watch your step! Our Editors' Choice Merrell Vapor Glove 4 is plenty agile to dodge all of the Paintbrush on a beautiful alpine run.
Why You Should Trust Us
Our barefoot and minimalist shoe expert is Aaron Rice. Growing up on the Atlantic coastline, he spent summers comfortably barefoot — only donning thin sandals to navigate hot pavement. One of his earliest coaches encouraged Aaron and his teammates to go barefoot as much as possible, explaining the important role our feet play in developing strength. Moving westward to Colorado for college, Aaron embraced his natural roots — and maybe a bit of a hippy-mindset — often hiking the trails around Boulder barefoot.
Now living full time in Santa Fe, NM — a city that sits at 7,200 feet above sea-level — Aaron maintains a lifelong devotion to mountain fitness to further his ambitions in endurance sports like trail running, alpine climbing, and ski mountaineering. He works as a writer, outdoor educator, farmer, and ski patroller. He spends much of his time outside and draws on past experience as a retail buyer to dissect and discuss the nuances of technical gear. Fun fact related to barefoot running: Aaron hates wearing socks, but appreciates their function.
Related: How We Tested Barefoot Shoes
We purchased all the models discussed in this article and put them through a rigorous testing process. Based on the fact that each shoe is designed for specific purposes — mainly road versus trail running — each pair was given preference in its respective specialty. But based on the mantra of minimalism to do more with less, we also considered how well these shoes performed when crossing disciplines. We took into account that many people use this style of shoe in the gym, and considered how well they handled that environment. We compiled research, closely examined shoes, and took a lot of notes to put together our opinions on which models will perform best for barefoot and minimalist running. Most of all, we went running; each shoe saw at least 15 miles of pavement, trail, or both.
Analysis and Test Results
There are a few points that are worth pointing out before we dive into the metrics we used to score each shoe. First and foremost, all of the shoes included in this review comprise some of the best and most popular options available on the market for barefoot and minimalist running shoes. Since our side-by-side testing is based on comparisons, a low score does not mean that a particular pair of shoes does not run well. It simply means that they did not perform quite as well when placed up against other models.
Minimally designed with maximum performance, the Merrell Vapor Glove 4 earns our Editors' Choice Award thanks to an extraordinary level of barefoot accuracy.
The other, perhaps more important thing to consider is that your specific needs may differ from the weighting we applied to each metric. We encourage you first to consider your own preferences and your specific running habits. Then, with that as a baseline, use our suggestions to help inform your purchase.
Related: Buying Advice for Barefoot Shoes
We rated our selection of barefoot shoes on six scoring metrics: performance, barefoot accuracy, weight, traction, versatility, and durability. Within each metric, we assigned scores ranging from 1 to 10 based on how well they compared to the competition. For minimalist footwear, we consider some qualities to be more important than others — namely overall performance and barefoot accuracy — so these metrics weighed on our overall performance rating more heavily than the others.
These huarache-like straps on the Prio are also reflective tape and are very visible in low-light conditions.
Whether you are a seasoned barefoot-enthusiast or looking to purchase your first pair, it can be tricky to figure out which shoe is going to offer the best value. While many assume that the highest priced shoe will perform the best, our experience in this category — and with outdoor gear in general — has proven that this is often not the case. It just so happens that in this case, the least expensive shoe in our review — the Vapor Glove 4 — is our top scorer and Editors' Choice Award Winner.
But it is worth noting that the Vapor Glove 4 may not be the shoe for a large portion of the crowd interested in barefoot running shoes. These shoes are the real deal — you are guaranteed to feel every bump in the road when running in them. For those looking to crossover from a more conventional running shoe, our Top Pick selection for an entry-level, minimalist shoe is the New Balance Minimus Trail 10v1. It is more expensive than the Vapor Glove 4, but offers a more gentle transition into this style of running, and is built with a quality and durability that is almost guaranteed to progress with you as you strengthen your feet over a matter of seasons.
These shoes may not look like much, but the burly construction of the Minimus Trail 10v1 means that they will likely last you through many a running season.
While much of this category can be majorly determined when you are — you guessed it — running, there are a few critical factors that come into play when determining a shoe's overall performance. First and foremost, we examined how well each shoe performs in its intended discipline. If it is a trail runner, how well does it handle uneven terrain, mud, rocks, and water crossings? If it is a road shoe, how well does it move over and handle the abrasion of concrete and rough gravel in road shoulders? We also awarded points based on how well a shoe could crossover between disciplines.
With testing notes in hand, we then examined the structure of each shoe, indicating design-specifics that likely influenced our running experience. For minimalist shoes, we awarded points to those shoes that ran well without many extras and deducted points if shoes included any stability or motion control devices. We also awarded points on how well a shoe fit — notably, how well it mimics the natural shape of the foot. Knowing that everyone's feet are different, we tried not to dock any points for places where the shoe rubbed and might create hotspots. But, any obvious constrictions and a shoe lost a few points. Finally, we noted the stability of each shoe. While we recorded observations when out running — especially on trails — this was easiest to test side-by-side in a gym setting. We performed exercises that require a stable platform, like squats and deadlifts, and awarded points accordingly.
Supportive and breathable, the Merrell Trail Glove 5 impressed us with its ability to transition from the trail to the gym.
Additionally, we made sure to take each shoe out for at least one extended run, and then the next day made notes of how our feet felt in recovery. If there was any acute pain, points were deducted. Finally, we adjusted points based on the fit and sizing the shoes, awarding points if they fit exceptionally well right out of the box, and deducting a point or two if they were particularly difficult to size correctly. It was these qualities that severely affected some shoes that otherwise would have scored highly in terms of comfort. We found the Vibram FiveFingers KSO and Merrell Trail Glove 5 particularly tricky to size — having to trade up a few times before getting it right. With regard to the Trail Glove 5, this shoe also was the only one in this review whose midsole design actually gave us foot pain after extended runs.
With a comfortable fit, and great all around performance, the Minimus Trail 10v1 gave us the confidence to launch past any obstacle on our trail runs.
While nearly every shoe in our review performed highly in terms of performance, there are a few stand-outs in terms of specialty, and a few models that crossover remarkably well between disciplines. Our Editors' Choice, the Vapor Glove 4, performed well regardless of environment, cruising miles of pavement just as easily as it tackled tough alpine trails. While the Xero Prio does a great job on the road, it lacked the ability to navigate uneven terrain confidently.
They may look clunky for a barefoot style shoe, but the Xero Prio feels great on a long run day.
Our Top Picks for road and trail, the Xero Prio and Vibram V-Trail 2.0, respectively, rocked in their particular specialties, but they were not quite as comfortable crossing disciplines. And while other shoes may have scored lower overall due to their less-than-ideal barefoot designs, options like the Minimus Trail 10v1 and Merrell Trail Glove 5 were still particularly fun for running trails.
The protection offered by the Vibram V-Trail 2.0 was a nice change of pace, giving us some freedom to spend time looking at the flowers, instead of each step ahead.
Barefoot accuracy is what running in minimalist shoes is all about, and it all comes down to ground-feel — how close can each shoe come to feeling like you are actually running barefoot. The best minimalist shoes achieve this feeling through a precise combination of design features like a thin outsole, zero-drop, a wide toe box, a lot of flexibility, and, of course, a lack of conventional support that would otherwise inhibit the foot's ability to feel the ground.
We took all of the shoes to a grassy sports field where we first ran a few laps barefoot, then in each pair to gauge, side-by-side, how closely they resemble the natural feeling of being barefoot. By then running for weeks on various surfaces — pavement, sidewalks, rocky trails, gravel paths, dirt roads — we were able to genuinely evaluate how well each shoe allows one to feel the ground, and appropriately assign ranked values. Finally, we examined each pair of shoes based on the essential design qualities mentioned above — also factoring in weight — and adjusted points based on how well each of these aspects contributes to barefoot accuracy.
Easy upward flexion allows you to extend the arch of your foot, promoting natural rebound and proper positioning.
At the top-of-their-class are some obvious winners: the Vapor Glove 4, the Prio; and the classically designed Vibram FiveFingers KSO. These shoes help define the barefoot running category thanks to simple designs that incorporate minimal drop and cushioning, lightweight structure, and flexible fit that only minimally obstruct the natural feeling of being barefoot.
The Merrell Vapor Glove 4 has a low-profile design similar to a running flat, and is an efficient shoe for cruising miles of pavement.
In order to best mimic the barefoot running experience, it is expected that these shoes are designed with minimal, if any, cushion. The reality is, it kind of hurts to run barefoot, at least for the majority of consumers who are not used to life without shoes. Four of the models tested, the Prio, KSO, V-Trail 2.0, and Trail Glove 5 offer 2-3 mm of cushion to help soften the blow of running on hard ground; the Minimus 10v1 doesn't offer any cushioning, but does include a stiff midsole to help protect the bottom of your feet.
The Vibram V-Trail 2.0 holds true to the original FiveFingers design, but is beefed-up to suit the rigors of trail running.
At the other end of the spectrum, we find our trail running specialists. These shoes, like the Top Pick V-Trail 2.0, opt to trade a certain level of barefoot accuracy for comfort and protection during extended trail runs. While the V-Trail does not stray too far from the light, others like the Trail Glove 5 have over 10mm of stack height, and incorporate midsoles into their build with the intention of "enhancing" your running ability — not something sought after in the minimalist game. The Minimus 10v1 goes as far as breaking the solemn vow of zero-drop, with a stack height that tapers from 15mm in the heel to 11mm in the toes.
A wide, flexible toe-box helps the Merrell Vapor Glove 4 create a stable platform when it came to moving through gym workouts.
For trail runners, it is very important to have your feet protected from the harsh realities of off-road travel, and this fact holds true even for minimalist trail-running shoes. We awarded points to shoes that utilized design specifics to help protect feet — such as well placed lugs on the outsole, or a rubber rand wrapped around the front of the toe box — but points were only awarded if these were thoughtfully applied so as to not detract from ground-feel. Indeed, trail running options like the V-Trail 2.0 and Minimus 10v1 scored highly in terms of overall performance. While the Trail Glove 5 did a good job of protecting our feet, its bulkier midsole detracts a little too much from ground-feel to score highly in this category.
Unless you have x-ray eyeballs, it would be tough to see how hard we are trying to flex against the very stiff midsole of the Minimus Trail 10v1.
It slightly surprised us that the FiveFingers KSO did not blow this category away — from the outside it looks like a shoe that should feel the most barefoot. But taking into account the 2mm of cushion built into KSO's midfoot, a slightly heavier build, and difficulties with sizing such a specific shape, we believe the ultrathin outsole of the Vapor Glove 4 not only offers better freedom of movement but better overall ground-feel as well.
If you do not have experience running in barefoot shoes, we cannot stress enough how important it is to take the minimalist nature of these shoes seriously. Trying to run your normal distance or at a normal pace may result in nagging injuries, even if you feel OK during the run. We suggest cutting back significantly on your usual mileage until your feet have time to adjust to this particular type of shoe.
The weight of a running shoe can greatly influence the overall running experience, and for minimalist running shoes, we want our feet to feel as free and unencumbered as they are in their natural, barefoot state. We started off by weighing each shoe on a digital scale and comparing those numbers against the manufacturer's stated weight. We awarded points based on a sliding scale, with the lowest scale-weight earning the highest marks, and then decreasing in value with each additional ounce.
We then took each of these shoes out on many, many runs and made subjective comparisons about how light they feel when running. Swing weight, of course, relates to scale weight — but there is much more that goes into a minimalist shoe feeling particularly lightweight, and providing a more natural running experience.
With minimalist design in-mind, these shoes are unbelievably lightweight. The Merrell Vapor Glove 4 is the lightest in our review, weighing in at under 11oz per pair!
Beginning with an assessment of the material used in the design of the upper, we then tested breathability and temperature control by running in the heat of the day. Not only do hot, sweaty feet make you feel sluggish, but a more breathable shoe can actually dump water weight through progressive evaporation.
The Trail Glove 5 ran well enough on the roads (for short distances), but are definitely better suited for life on the trail.
We awarded points based on how cool our feet stayed while running, and deducted points based on how much moisture built up inside the shoe by the end of a run. The winners in this category, the Vapor Glove 4 and Prio, both have breathable, mesh-uppers supported by internal mesh-linings that help evaporate sweat. While the Minimus 10v1 may not score well on the scale, it feels as light on your feet at these other shoes and also sports enhanced breathability thanks to an internal, synthetic wrap.
A synthetic backing can go a long way in helping aid the breathability of a shoe. Think about it like a midlayer for your feet (the baselayer being your socks, of course.)
It is also important to know how these shoes will perform when wet, as trail runners are likely to encounter stream crossings, and road runners often face puddles. Will your shoes stay dry and light, or take on water weight like a sinking ship? We subjected each shoe to the hose before taking off on a short loop, testing each pair sequentially in the same day to directly compare their performance. Again, our trail running options, this time including the Trail Glove 5, scored highest in terms of performance when wet.
A low-profile and individually articulated toes gives the Vibram V-Trail 2.0 the natural ability to make those awkward moves a bit easier.
For barefoot runners, grip is an essential sensory input that feeds into our greater perception of movement. The best minimalist shoes are designed with outsoles that support this natural function without diminishing ground-feel. Maximum points were awarded to shoes with thin outsoles made of sticky-rubber compounds that utilized lugs to assist — not outperform — the natural grip of the feet. The tacky, FiveFingers design of the V-Trail 2.0 certainly helped our toes grip the ground with accuracy. But it fell slightly behind the front-running Vapor Glove 4, whose impressively thin outsole is made of a stickier rubber compound and utilizes well-designed lugs to enhance traction.
To assess the grip of an outsole, we tested shoes side-by-side, scrambling up and down the same rock face — much like how we would test the stickiness of a climbing or approach shoe. We even took these shoes for a spin on boulder problems in the climbing gym, which gave us a better idea of how a shoe's flexibility plays into its grip-ability. We also noted how well the shoes gripped on downhills; particularly, how well the lugs help with braking when running down loose dirt or on pavement covered by loose gravel — points for grip were adjusted based on a shoe's braking ability. The best performance was offered up by the Trail Glove 5, whose deeply lugged (3mm) outsole climbed with ease, assisted braking on loose downhills, and efficiently scrambled over rock. Despite winning our Top Pick for Trail Running, we found the V-Trail 2.0 to be a bit inconsistent in terms of traction, scrambling particularly well but occasionally slipping on loose trail conditions.
A thin outsole and sticky lugs help keep the Merrell Vapor Glove 4 feeling stable and grippy, even through tricky creek crossings.
The essential function of a lugged sole is to shed loose dirt and water. In the lab, we poured water over the outsole to examine how quickly it passed through the lugs and grooves. We also sought out puddles, mud pits, and sandy spots while out on runs to test this ability — points for traction were adjusted based on how well, or how poorly, the outsole of a shoe shed material from the bottom. It can be deduced that Merrill has nailed the design of the outsole. Both the Vapor Glove 4 and Trail Glove 5 performed well in this aspect — even with very different lug constructions.
Two types of rubber are used in the construction of the outsole. The rubber over the forefoot is particularly sticky, which helps the Trail Glove 5 scramble well.
Although the Minimus 10v1 has the versatility to attack the road or trail in wet conditions, the unique, rounded lugs do not offer great traction in dusty or dry conditions. With an outsole similar to the classic Vans-design, the Prio held firmly to the road in all weather conditions, but could not perform well when it came to running dusty trails either. At the bottom of the barrel, we have the KSO, whose slick outsole did a poor job of keeping hold even on damp sidewalks.
The FiveFingers design of the Vibram V-Trail 2.0 improves traction, by allowing our toes to individually flex and grip terrain.
To fall in line with a basic principle of minimalism, it is important that a single shoe works well for more than just one purpose. We awarded points to shoes that performed well in multiple disciplines — for instance, trail runners that were also comfortable running on pavement and performed well in the gym. While we did not want to dock points for fashion — after all, these are athletic shoes — extra points were awarded if a shoe was stylish enough for casual wear. No surprise that our Editors' Choice, the Vapor Glove 4, took high marks for well-rounded function.
For running shoes, it is important that they perform consistently in many types of weather — we want to be able to get out for a run every day, and not just on those "perfect" weather days. The main considerations here are water resistance on rainy days, appropriate insulation for cold-weather runs, and breathability for mid-summer hot laps. Taking shoes out for runs that would test performance in many different conditions, we adjusted points for versatility based on these three critical factors. We were impressed by the design of the Trail Glove 5 when it came to performing not only well in all weather conditions, but nearly as well on the road and in the gym as on the trail.
Minimalist shoes, with their lightweight and flexible packability, have appeal for the backpacking crowd as well.
We also considered a pair's potential in helping someone transition from conventional running shoes to minimalist and barefoot designs. This was noted in running performance, but became apparent when examining a shoe's structure — we believe shoes with slightly increased cushioning or stack height will help moderate the shock some might feel from fully-minimalist designs. While a shoe in this category may lose marks in barefoot accuracy, it gained back some of those points in versatility. We found the Prio — with a style reminiscent of a skate shoe — to be adaptable to pretty much any situation, except for technical trail running. If you are looking for a minimalist shoe that performs well on roads and trail, but one that sports a taller stack height and even a little bit of drop — GASP — we suggest looking to the Minimus 10v1 to help ease the transition from more conventional running shoes.
The Minimus 10v1 may help you move into the realm of minimalist running, whether you primarily stick to roads, trails, or often mix it up with both!
Our testing took these shoes through their paces on many runs and on a variety of terrain. While our test period is limited in its ability to find out how well these shoes will hold up after a couple hundred miles, any early signs of material failure were noted and points were subtracted accordingly.
To support any conclusions we reached on durability, shoes were closely examined for any manufacturing flaws or shortcuts, and material specifications were researched to give us a good idea of how long a shoe might hold up to regular running regimens. We also considered the warranty-programs offered by manufacturers, giving some preference to those who might offer to replace a shoe that is inherently less durable than thicker-soled, traditionally-designed running shoes.
What's life without a little adventure? The Merrell Trail Glove 5, in its element climbing rough terrain off-trail.
Thankfully, none of our shoes fell apart during the testing period. However, some details caught our eye on particular shoes — elements that made us question how well they might hold up throughout a couple running seasons. The Vapor Glove 4 has a ripstop-like Cordura-mesh upper that does a good job of protecting it from abrasion. But the thin quality of the outsole, coupled with reviews made online by others, led us to deduct durability points from this ultralight shoe. While the Primus Lite has an unbelievably thin outsole, Vivobarefoot stands behind their rugged PRO5 puncture-resistant design.
The thickness of the sole and design of the lugs can have huge implications when it comes to how long a minimalist or barefoot shoe might last. A side-by-side of the Vapor Glove 4 (left), which has a much thinner sole compared to the Minimus Trail 10v1 (right.)
Unsurprisingly, the V-Trail 2.0 and Minimus 10v1 scored the highest for durability. The Minimus has a devoted fan-base that has developed around its proven performance and ruggedness. Vibram has a reputation for outsole design and keeping shoes alive season-after-season with their superbly durable rubber. Combine that fact with a tough mesh-upper, and the V-Trail 2.0 is a tank of a minimalist shoe. The same holds true for the KSO — take a quick look at user reviews, and you will find people lauding the same pair of shoes they have had for many years.
The Merrell Vapor Glove 4 is a great overall barefoot running shoe. Grab a pair and go run!
We put each pair of these shoes through more than just their metaphorical paces. Even in a niche-market like barefoot shoes, there are dozens of models available each season — narrowing down your options can be a real challenge. We hope that through our extensive, side-by-side testing that we offer up information to make your selection process a little bit easier. We encourage you to research the field of barefoot running to decide if it is the right style for you.