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How to Choose a Rock Climbing Backpack

The 20L capacity of the MH Hueco is great for alpine objectives a litt...
Photo: Jack Cramer
By Ian McEleney ⋅ Review Editor
Wednesday April 21, 2021
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What's the best backpack for rock climbing? We examined some of the most popular options stitch by stitch during our testing period to find out. Read on to determine what aspects to consider when on the hunt for your perfect rock companion.

Why Do You Need a Rock Climbing Daypack?

It wasn't long after the first ascent of Mont Blanc in 1786 that climbers started looking for a comfortable and efficient way to carry their stuff. Almost two hundred years later — after technical rock climbing had grown into a sport separate from mountaineering — packs explicitly designed for multi-pitch rock climbing appeared. At first, these were little more than minimalist bags sewn with sturdy fabrics. Today that's still mostly true, except materials are stronger, weights are lower, and a few convenience features are included.

When looking to carry gear for a day in the vertical, you need a pack that's reliable and not too annoying to climb with. For most, this will be a small backpack worn during ascents of multi-pitch classics completed in one day. The pack needs to be able to store things like water, snacks, layers, headlamp, phone, and perhaps shoes for a carry-over descent. There are thousands of backpacks that could do that job. We focus on products designed specifically for climbing.

Rock Climbing Backpack Contenders

No Pack

As skills develop and multi-pitch climbing experience grows, climbers can expect speed to increase. It's possible to carry some of the contents of a pack on your person. A light jacket can be knotted around the waist or stuffed into its own pocket, a water bottle and shoes can be clipped to your harness, and food and a headlamp fit inside pockets. Each climber needs to make their own decisions regarding gear and route selection based on an honest assessment of their ability and the conditions. For certain routes, though, the freedom of climbing with no pack is worth the sacrificed storage capacity.

Climbing without a pack is certainly nicer than with one as long as...
Climbing without a pack is certainly nicer than with one as long as you can manage having all your essentials on your person/your harness instead.
Photo: Jack Cramer

Hydration Packs

If you prefer long, face climbing routes in stable weather, a hydration pack might be superior to a rock climbing-specific daypack. Hydration packs are more compact than climbing daypacks and sport a narrower profile that makes them more comfortable to climb with. However, those advantages come with costs. They're usually too small for much beyond a hydration reservoir and a granola bar. They're also usually built for running, hiking, or mountain biking, not for the punishment that rock climbing can dish out. Still, we like hydration packs on sunny, strenuous routes when we want a bunch of water but don't want the burden of a full-fledged backpack.

A hydration pack can do double-duty as a small climbing pack.
A hydration pack can do double-duty as a small climbing pack.
Photo: Nick Bruckbauer

Rock Climbing Specific Daypacks

This is the style of pack we highlight in our main review article. They're small (12 - 20L) and designed to ride high on the back so they won't interfere with a harness. They're also tougher than the average backpack, like the Mystery Ranch Skyline 17, sewn with thicker fabrics to resist abrasion. Many of these packs have some removable parts that let you customize them for your preferences and objectives. The best designs also include strong anchor points for occasional hauling. Hiking daypacks can also work for the climber who rarely climbs long routes, but you will sacrifice some durability.

This utilitarian and durable pack is a good choice for multi-pitch...
This utilitarian and durable pack is a good choice for multi-pitch rock climbing.
Photo: Ian McEleney

Mini Haul Bags

Another option for tackling strenuous routes is to take your pack off and haul it. This can be the best strategy for success on routes with sustained, difficult climbing. Hauling a pack with a day's worth of gear (<30lbs) isn't that bad, and if you use a progress capture pulley and static tag line, it's even easier. Options available include the Black Diamond Stubby, Metolius Mescalito, and Black Diamond Creek 20. Larger options are, of course, also available.

The Creek 20 as part of a simple hauling setup.
The Creek 20 as part of a simple hauling setup.
Photo: Ian McEleney

Alpine and Mountaineering Packs

As altitude increases and temperatures plummet, climbers bring extra gear and clothing to stay safe and comfortable. Climbing with a pack is common on alpine routes for these reasons and because alpine terrain, which is often less sustained, makes wearing one less annoying.

Alpine packs can be lighter because abrasion is less of a concern in snowy and icy environments. They're usually also larger to accommodate more clothing and gear. Of the thirteen models currently in our climbing daypack review, only the Arc'teryx Alpha AR 20 and Black Diamond Blitz 20 are designed specifically for alpine climbing. Interested mountaineers should check out our review of mountaineering and alpine climbing backpacks.

Rugged and high altitude terrain often warrants it&#039;s own kind of pack.
Rugged and high altitude terrain often warrants it's own kind of pack.
Photo: Ian McEleney

Considerations for Rock Climbing Specific Daypacks


After you've decided you need a rock climbing backpack, the next question is: what size? Our test fleet ranges from 12 to 20 liters. Smaller, and the contents could fit on your harness, much larger, and it can be unpleasant to climb with.

If your rope team needs more gear than a single pack can hold, it's generally better to add a second pack for the leader instead of punishing the follower with an even heavier load. The models in our test will work for leading or following. We recommend keeping the leader's pack lighter than the follower's whenever possible. Depending on the route and amount of gear required, it can sometimes be better to pair a rock climbing-specific pack for the follower with a lighter hydration pack for the leader.

A light and packable model is great to stuff inside an overnight...
A light and packable model is great to stuff inside an overnight pack for use as a backcountry summit bag.
Photo: Ian McEleney

Weight vs. Durability

The most significant consideration when selecting a climbing pack should be the type of climbing you intend to do. Bolted face routes and sustained chimney climbs place different demands on a pack. Climbers who clip bolts exclusively or tradsters who abhor awkward wideness can sacrifice durability to enjoy a lighter load with a pack like the Exped Summit Lite 15 or Outdoor Research Payload. First ascensionists, climbing guides, and adventure climbers need more abrasion resistance and are better off with a tougher bag, like our Top Pick For Durability, the Black Diamon Creek 20.

Packed Size (Streamlined vs. Junk Show)

Almost every single pack has a few options for attaching a rope or big cam to the outside; the one exception is the sleek exterior of the Black Diamond Bullet. However, having a yard sale of water bottles, helmets, big cams, and extra layers dangling from the outside of your pack is problematic on the approach and dangerous on the climb. Be sure that gear attached to the outside is secure and not flopping around.

Our testing team strongly recommends that climbers pack as much of their kit inside the pack as possible. However, no rock climbing daypack can accommodate the bulk of a rope or #6 Camalot inside without leaving everything else out. How often will you be strapping things to the outside? Examine each pack's attachment options. Some require more improvisation than others.

There&#039;s no simple way to attach either of these items to the outside...
There's no simple way to attach either of these items to the outside of this pack.
Photo: Ian McEleney


Haul Points

Beyond the larger considerations, there are a few other features that differentiate these packs. Chimneys and hard crux pitches can call for hauling a pack. The Mountain Hardwear Multi-Pitch 20 has two sturdy loops designed for this job, as does the Creek 20 and the Skyline 17. The single haul loop found on other packs will be sufficient for most climbers most of the time. It's possible to rig these packs with more haul points using the shoulder straps or other attachment points, a sling, and a little creativity.

Hip belts

Eleven of the packs we tested have removable hip belts; usually an unpadded piece of skinny webbing. The OR Payload 18 has no hip belt at all, and the Petzl Bug comes with it permanently attached. Many of our testers want a hip belt some — but not all — of the time. Unless you know your hip belt preference, we suggest you choose an option with one you can remove and experiment for yourself.

Emergency Whistles

The final feature we wish was included on all rock climbing daypacks is a safety whistle. Whistles are light and small and can be a useful signaling device in an emergency. Six of the packs we used incorporate a whistle into the buckle of the sternum strap. The other models in the test should include this low-cost feature.

A whistle integrated into the sternum strap buckle is a feature we...
A whistle integrated into the sternum strap buckle is a feature we wish all climbing packs had.
Photo: Ian McEleney


Though it's a paramount consideration, fit varies greatly from climber to climber, and no online review can tell you how a pack will fit your body. Try packs on at your local climbing shop if at all possible. Some online retailers have generous return policies that can help. It's important that your choice is tuned into your back length. The bottom of the pack should ride above your hips. If it's too long, it will obstruct access to the rear gear loops on your harness, or the back of your helmet will hit the top of the pack when you look up.


The last decision to make is how much you're willing to spend. Premium packs can cost well over $80, which might be more than occasional multi-pitchers are willing to spend. It's entirely possible to climb comfortably with the many less expensive, non-sport-specific packs out there. The reverse is also true; most of our tester packs work well on a day hike, mountain bike ride, or day at the ski area. If you don't plan to haul or climb many long routes in the first place, then the added durability and features of the nicer packs may not be worth it.

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