The Search for the Best Backpacking Sleeping Bags of 2017
To help you complete your backpacking setup, we researched over 75 backpacking sleeping bags and tested the 11 best models side-by-side for an extensive three-month testing process. Standing in the aisle of your favorite outdoor retailer, it's hard to know which product provides primo comfort, dries fastest after soggy nights, or truly performs at its claimed temperature range. Our review team of experts tackles these issues for you, testing each model side-by-side on the John Muir trail and through the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains in temps ranging from 12-65F on dry and rainy nights. For all kinds of sleepers (back, tummy, and side) with varied performance preferences, this comprehensive review helps you find the sleeping bag that meets your backpacking needs.
Read the full review below >
Test Results and Ratings
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Analysis and Award Winners
Updated March 2017
The latest update to this sleeping bag category includes new award winners for specific applications. Whether you sleep cold, desire maximum comfort, or tend to camp in wet weather, we identify a bag for you. We also added charts to summarize each of our performance metrics. In the individual reviews, we highlight other versions of the products we tested to give you the full range of options. For example, Nemo has a warmer version of the Salsa 30, and Sea to Summit has a cooler option for its Spark model. We continue to track the sleeping bag market to keep this review an up-to-date and relevant resource.
Best Overall Sleeping Bag While Backpacking
Western Mountaineering MegaLite
The Western Mountaineering MegaLite won us over as the favorite sleeping bag for backpacking and 3-season camping in 2017. Its low weight and small packed size are welcome additions to our backpacks. Despite weighing half the ounces of several bags we tested, it's still roomy and comfortable, making it also a great choice for side and tummy sleepers. The materials are top notch and felt the best against our skin among any bag we tested. The icing on the cake is Western Mountaineering is a small California-based company that manufactures all of its sleeping bags and garments in the USA. From nearly any angle, the MegaLite is a pretty rad bag. From single overnights to the John Muir Trail, this contender is among the most versatile bags in our review, thanks to its weight and dimensions. It's worth noting that it's only two ounces heavier than our top pick for light and fast long-distance trips but offers a full-length zipper and more internal space.
Spacious and comfortable cut
Made in the USA
Best feeling fabric in our review
Stuff sack not very efficient
Read full review: Western Mountaineering MegaLite
Best Bang for the Buck
We love high performance at a low price, and the Marmot Hydrogen delivers just that with its superb balance of quality, low weight, and small packed size. The Hydrogen isn't the best price pointed bag, as the $160 Kelty Cosmic Down wins in that category. For a little more than $300, however, the Marmot Hydrogen is a stand-out sleeping bag, offering several of the same materials, specs, and high quality 800+ down fill that our other award winners, such as the Western Mountaineering MegaLite ($470) and Sea to Summit Spark III ($440) offer. The Hydrogen is also comparable in weight and packed size, but is $100 less.
Light and compact
Super high-quality for the price
Great hood design
Great access and venting
Read full review: Marmot Hydrogen
Best Buy for Budget Backpackers
Kelty Cosmic Down 20
The affordable, yet reasonably lightweight and compressible Kelty Cosmic Down 20, takes our Best Buy Award. While hardly an overall top performer, this is the best down bag we've ever seen with a $160 price tag by a significant margin. Cold sleepers and backpackers who extend their three-season trips into lower temperatures will want something warmer, but everyone else on a budget should consider the Cosmic Down 20 (and pocket the several hundred dollar savings). This bag is more durable and compressible than its similarly priced synthetic insulated counterparts and offers beginning or budget-conscious backpackers an exceptional value. If you are backpacking in warm summer conditions and want to shave a few more ounces, check out the Cosmic Down 40. Conversely, if you want more heat, Kelty also offers the Cosmic Down 0.
Great value bag
Light and compact for its price range
Not super warm
Read full review: Kelty Cosmic Down 20
Top Pick for Cold Sleepers or Colder-Than-Average 3-Season Use
Western Mountaineering UltraLite
The Western Mountaineering UltraLite is an extremely warm bag. In fact, it is the warmest in our review while remaining among the lightest and most compressible. This award winner might be too warm for most people to use for 3-season backpacking, but for cold sleepers or colder than average conditions, the Western Mountaineering UltraLite is tough to beat.
Warmest bag in our review
Great no-catch zipper design
Excellent compressed size
Very warm for mid-summer
Weak velcro closure for draft collar
Slightly tight dimensionally
Read full review: Western Mountaineering UltraLite
Top Pick for Wet Conditions
Mountain Hardwear Hyperlamina Spark 35
The Mountain Hardwear HyperLamina Spark 35 is our top pick for the best bag in wet conditions. During our water saturating testing, the Spark 35, like other synthetic-fill bags, dried in roughly 20% of the time as treated water-resistant down, making it a much more ideal bag for wet conditions. What truly sets the Spark 35 apart from most other synthetic bags, however, is how small it packs down and how lightweight it is (1 lb. 12 oz.). It's lighter and more compressible than several down bags we tested and offers roomier than average dimensions. All of our testers loved its half-length center zipper that still allowed plenty of ventilation on warm nights; it was also easier to use. If you're looking for a synthetic bag, a company that respects ethical animal rights, or have allergies to down and want one of the highest performing synthetic bags out there, the Spark is your bag.
Incredibly small packed size
Very light for a synthetic bag
Awesome center half-zipper
Cozy interior fabric
Synthetic insulation isn't super long lasting
Read full review: Mountain Hardwear HyperLamina Spark 35
Top Pick for Light and Fast Backpacking and Mountaineering
Sea to Summit Spark III
If you're on a trip where weight and space are your number one priority, but you need something more significant than an ultralight quilt, the Sea to Summit Spark III is hard to beat. This 22 oz. bag is plenty warm enough for nearly any 3-season backpacking trip or summer alpine climbing trip (and it carries a legit OutdoorGearLab-tested rating for 25 F). The Spark III packs down the smallest of any bag in our review, easily fitting into the corner of your pack; it won't remind you it's there until you crawl in for a well-deserved good night's sleep. The Spark Sp III is a high quality, super light-weight, traditional mummy style sleeping bag. It is styled with the lightest 10D shell fabric in our review, 850+ Ultra Dry Down, and a mere 1/3 length side zip keep the weight to an absolute minimum. Sea to Summit also has your lightweight needs covered for warmer summer nights in the backcountry with the Spark I, which weighs less than 13 ounces!
Smallest packed size in our review
Nice interior fabric
Accommodates light down jackets
A true 25F bag
Slightly tight interior dimensions
Read full review: Sea to Summit Spark III
Top Pick for Most Comfort
Nemo Salsa 30
The Nemo Salsa 30 wins our OutdoorGearLab Top Pick Award for the most comfortable sleeping bag for backpacking. While the Sierra Designs Backcountry Bed 600 3-Season is a strong contender, our review team's real world testing and side-by-side comparisons determine that the Salsa is the winner. Our tummy and side sleepers liked the Salsa's stretchy stitching and spacious "spoon" shaped design better. That, coupled with the Salsa weight (2 lbs. 1 oz., compared to the Backcountry Bed's 3 lbs. 1 oz.), spells out true comfort. While it isn't the lightest bag we've ever tested, it remains respectable, especially considering its spacious cut. It packs down roughly a third smaller than the Backcountry Bed 600. To stay toasty at even colder temperatures, Nemo also offers the Salsa 15, which is basically the Salsa 30 with more fill material.
Best bag for side and tummy sleepers
Great price for a down bag
Inefficient stuff sack
Read full review: Nemo Salsa 30
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The Sleeping Bag: Your Most Important Insulating Layer
Your sleeping bag is likely the most important insulating layer that is carried on any wilderness excursion. Sleeping bags provide a better warmth-to-weight ratio than anything else in your pack. Investing in a quality sleeping bag that is suited to your needs will help you get a more comfortable night's sleep, save weight and space in your pack, and keep you warm when the temperatures start to drop. Sleeping bags are also the bed of choice for car campers, travelers, and couch surfers. This review focuses primarily on sleeping bags intended for backpacking. However, several of the bags proved to be well-suited for car camping, summer-time mountaineering, and late spring ski-touring. They tagged along on several road trips throughout our testing too.
We updated our existing review to include several new, innovative, and popular models and styles and compared them to previous award winners.
Choosing the Right Bag
We considered over 100 bags and took many painstaking hours to select the ones included in our review; in the end, we picked bags that we liked for different reasons. Our review includes a wide range of 3-season backpacking oriented sleeping bags from incredibly light and compact down bags, to some high performance synthetic bags, to a handful of bags with unique designs that offer exceptional comfort. We've also included a few budget-friendly down sleeping bags and reliable synthetic sleeping bags.
First, carefully consider the most common application of your sleeping bag. Yes, these are all backpacking oriented bags rated from 20-35F, but some bags are more versatile regarding where and when you use them, while others are best suited for specific conditions or trip objectives; some will also offer particular advantages when used under the right circumstances. If on a budget, try to avoid skimping on quality; look for a bag that balances warmth, weight, and versatility. If possible, consider two bags, a lower-priced sleeping bag for car camping/campground camping and a lightweight bag for backpacking and mountaineering.
You don't necessarily need to buy a 20F bag for a future trip that you might go on one day. Instead, buy a bag for the type of trip you most frequently go on. For the occasional colder trip, just plan to wear more layers. This will save you from carrying a bunch of necessary weight over time and it means you wont overheat on a majority of your trips.
To figure out what characteristics you should be prioritizing, you should reflect on what types of trips you enjoy and the types of conditions you are most likely to encounter. Do you frequently backpack in wet conditions on say, coastal hikes? Where a quick drying synthetic bag is best? Or do you embark on long-distance journeys where weight and pack space are at a premium? Are you someone who simply hates sleeping on their back or wants a little more leg room?
Criteria For Evaluation
We rated each bag on its warmth, weight, packed size, features, and versatility.
Check out the table below to compare where each bag landed overall.
Warmth is basically equal to the amount of loft in a bag, measured as the thickness of the insulation between you and the external environment. With the exception of very loose bags, more volume of insulation (not necessarily weight) basically equals more warmth.
Fit is the next most important factor in determining warmth. Bags that are too tight or too short won't allow the insulation to loft properly and as result, will feel colder where you are pressed against certain areas. Similarly, a bag that's too large will have drafty dead air spaces that make the bag thermally inefficient, even though it may have enough loft for the conditions.
Some bags tested here, such as the Western Mountaineering UltraLite and the Sea to Summit Spark Spark III have tighter interior dimensions, resulting in slimmer cuts; even most broad shouldered folks can at least wear a lightweight jacket while sleeping inside those bags. The rest of the bags we reviewed are wider and nearly everyone could wear a mid-weight jacket or more to boost insulation on colder nights. It's worth noting that Western Mountaineering sleeping bags are available in multiple lengths and widths, which is a huge advantage because you can get a bag that fits your body well. Look at the foot, hip, and shoulder circumference to compare dimensions for unisex bags. We've included these measurements in the specification tables found in each review when available from the manufacturers.
The backpacking sleeping bags that we found to be the warmest (for their respective temperature rating) were the high-quality down bags from Western Mountaineering, the Western Mountaineering MegaLite and the Western Mountaineering Ultralite. Both of these bags have 850+ fill power down and plenty of it; 13 and 16 ounces respectively. The MegaLite is a 30F bag and is roomier than the Ultralite, which is a 20F model. The least warmest bag in this review is the lightweight Mountain Hardwear HyperLamina Spark 35. The thinner insulation offers less protection from the elements and the lack of a draft tube allows more cold air inside the bag, leaving the sleeper less toasty than in the other bags. That said, we think the Hyperlamina Spark 35 will be fine for sleepers at 40F and above.
It's worth noting that warmth is also heavily influenced by conductive heat loss to the ground. Choosing an appropriate sleeping pad is important, especially in colder conditions or when sleeping on snow. Our Best Sleeping Pad Review will point you in the right direction for a warm, comfortable pad. Choosing the right backpacking tent or ultralight shelter for your trip will also influence the perceived warmth of a sleeping bag. OutdoorGearLab also has an excellent Backpacking Tent Review and Ultralight Backpacking Shelter Review, where you can finish out your research on the best sleeping/shelter kit for your next trip.
The sleeping bags in the review were tested in single wall tents, under tarps and mids, and under the open sky during open bivies above tree-line. See the Buying Advice on how standardized testing has helped (or hurt!) companies decisions on what temperature rating to give a sleeping bag.
Weight is a function of insulation type and amount, shell material, and features. In general, heavier bags use either synthetic insulation or lower fill-power down (500-700). Many of the highest performing bags we tested here use the best down (800-850+ fill-power) and very lightweight, expensive shell fabrics. A bag's cut and its overall dimensions also play a major factor in the weight of a bag as described above, and its features, or lack thereof.
At 1 pound 6 ounces the Sea to Summit Spark III is the lightest down bag we tested. It's no surprise the Spark III features high quality 850+ fill-power down, sports the tightest cut, lightest 10D shell fabric, and the shortest (1/3 length) zipper. What is amazing is the Western Mountaineering MegaLite is only 2 ounces heavier (1 lb 8 oz) but offers a full-length zipper, comparable warmth, and much more spacious (but still efficient) dimensions.
The Marmot Hydrogen was also among the lightest bags in our review (also 1 lb 8 oz), but wasn't quite as roomy as the MegaLite (it does cost $120 less). Among 20°F options, the Western Mountaineering UltraLite was pretty unbeatable; it was warmer than most 20° bags, yet also among the lightest (1 lb 13 oz). While both scored a 10 out of 10 for warmth, the Ultralite was not quite as warm as the reasonable priced REI Igneo, which was a 1 lb 13 ounce 25° option.
Among synthetic bags, our testers were very impressed with the Mountain Hardwear Hyperlamina Spark 35. While not super warm for its temperature rating, at 1 lb 13 ozs it was an exceptionally light synthetic option - and was lighter than several 30°F down bags.
Comfort is a pretty subjective category that depends primarily on fit, sleeping style, and internal fabric. Increasing the size of the bag's internal dimensions (to a point) generally provides most perceptions of what people would consider a more comfort bag, as the user has slightly more room to move around within a bag. This becomes even more important as users sleep on their side, tummy, and/or with their knee slightly out to the side - which is a common position for backpackers who like to sleep on their stomachs. Obviously the disadvantage of just making the bag bigger is that the company needs to add more material and insulation to maintain the same warmth; this often comes with a weight and packability penalty.
In addition to space for sprawling and thrashing, our ratings focus on a bag's features that will contribute to or detract from comfort. Insulation type influences comfort; all of our testers agreed that sleeping in a high-quality down bag is like floating on a super light cloud, while zipping into a synthetic bag is fine but .well, less heavenly.
The Sierra Designs Backcountry Bed 3-season and the Nemo Salsa 30 were the most comfortable bags in our review, with the Western Mountaineering MegaLite being a very close second. What makes the MegaLite special is it's significantly lighter and more packable than the two aforementioned bags, but nearly as comfortable. The Nemo Salsa 30 was our side and tummy sleepers favorite bag because we were able to sleep in those positions the most comfortably when compared to any bag in our review. We were also able to have our knees extended nearly straight out to the side while sleeping. What we also really liked about the Salsa 30, when compared to the Backcountry Bed, is that it was still a reasonable weight (2 lbs 1 oz) and a respectable packed volume that we would still consider bringing on a week-long backpacking trip.
The Sierra Backcountry Bed remains a pretty cool and very uniquely designed bag that offers the most "bed-like" feel of any bag we've ever tested. It features no zippers, toggles or Velcro flaps of any kind and instead offers a large "U"-shaped opening, that is covered by a down flap that acts (and feels) like a quilt. This not only helps regulate temperature extremely well, but also offers unmatched freedom of movement in the users upper extremities. While we thought this bag was awesome, it is the heaviest and least packable bag in our review, which is why it lost out on our Top pick award for the best Backpacking Bag for Comfort. While the Sierra Designs Backcountry Bed offers a mega comfort-oriented design, its lower dimensions were average and not as spacious as the MegaLite or Salsa 30. It also did not offer as nice feeling of an internal fabric.
It's worth noting that it is important to consider total comfort throughout the course of a trip, not just when you're inside your sleeping bag at night. A bag that's slightly more comfortable to sleep in may be far heavier and bulkier, and therefore less comfortable to carry. If you spend more time carrying the bag than you do inside of it, we suggest prioritizing weight and bulk (comfort while in your pack) over comfort while sleeping.
Features and Design
We assessed the quality of each of the bag's features and attempted to quantify how well they contributed to the overall performance of the bag. This variable encompasses shell fabric, zippers, draft tubes, neck baffles, and stash pockets. Traditional bags with snag-free zippers, easy-to-use hood adjustments, and hoods that don't come undone at night scored higher in this category, such as the Marmot Hydrogen and the Western Mountaineering Ultralite and MegaLite.
In most cases, more features or more complicated features can reduce performance. They add weight, complexity, cost, and the possibility of failing faster. The potential benefit a given feature has on warmth, comfort, or convenience is rarely offset by its drawbacks. Take stash pockets on sleeping bags, for example. It can be helpful to keep your watch with an alarm in the pocket, but it can be hard to hear the alarm through the down; if you roll in your sleep, waking up on your watch isn't exactly comfortable. In general, when it comes to features, smart design scored well and generally, less is more.
Three-season models are meant to be used in a wide range of conditions. They must function on warm summer nights at lower elevations, as well as when the temperatures drop below freezing near treeline in the fall. Versatility across environments, elevations, and seasons is an important consideration when assessing a bag's performance and value.
Some of the bags tested here, such as the Western Mountaineering Ultralight and MegaLite have continuous horizontal baffles that allow you to shift down from the top to the bottom of the bag, increasing comfort in warm conditions and warmth in cold conditions. We find these lightweight bags to be the most versatile in our test.
Other features that increase a bag's versatility is the ability to vent on warmer nights, meaning a longer zipper offers more versatility than a 1/3 length one. A little extra shoulder room to facilitate adding one (or more) layers can be nice on those colder adventures.
The Sierra Designs Backcountry Bed 600 3-Season has no zipper to roll onto and incorporates a quilt that enables you to sleep more like you would with a comforter at home. The quilt can be tucked into the bag when temperatures near the bag's comfort limit and is left outside the bag for warm nights and sleeping on your stomach.
Check out the chart below to see where each sleeping bag ranked in our Packed Size metric.
Packed size is a function of down fill-power, shell and insulation fabrics, and features. Higher quality down, lighter fabrics, and simple features create the most compressible bags. Obviously a more compressible bag is the better option, as it either gives us more room in our packs, or lets us take a smaller, lighter weight pack for a given objective. The most compressible bag in our review is the Sea to Summit Spark III which was slightly (10-15%) smaller than the Western Mountaineering MegaLite and Marmot Hydrogen.
Unfortunately, very few bags come with decent quality stuff sacks and many bags come with downright terrible stuff sacks. An exception is the Mountain Hardwear Hyperlamina Spark 35; in general, to maximize the compressability of your bag, we highly recommend purchasing one separately. See our Best Sleeping Bag Stuff Sack Article for our recommendations for specific applications.
Other Sleeping Bag Reviews
We also offer an Ultralight Sleeping Bag Review, which compares hoodless options, weighing only 19 ounces or less. If you're looking for a lightweight bag that will primarily be used for overnight trips where weight is a concern, we highly encourage you to consider one of the models found in the Ultralight Bag Review.
Lastly, we offer a general Camping Sleeping Bag Review that compares large and luxurious rectangular bags that are too heavy to carry backpacking. These offer much more comfort than any model tested here and cost as little as forty dollars!!
If you are a woman and are looking for a new sleeping bag, check out The Best Women's Sleeping Bag Review to learn more about the merits of buying a women's specific bag.
— Ian Nicholson
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